Banner for LabNotes
From Lab Notes
Contact Information
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


You are here: FPL Home  / Information Products & Services  / Publications

Requested Product

Title: Experimental seismic behaviour of a two-story CLT platform building: design and shake table testing

Source: . In: Proceedings, 16th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering. 1-12.

Author(s)van de Lindt, John W.; Furley, Jace ; Amini, M. Omar; Pei, Shiling ; Tamagnone, Gabriele ; Barbosa, Andre ; Rammer, Doug ; Line, Philip ; Fragiacomo, Massimo ; Popovski, Marjan

Publication Year: 2018  View PDF »

Category: Conference Proceedings

Abstract: Since its introduction in Europe more than two decades ago, Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) is viewed as a new-generation of engineered wood products and has found its way into the US construction market. Recent research efforts have demonstrated that CLT can be effectively utilized as a seismic force resisting system. This paper presents the results of part of a study conducted at Colorado State University to systematically investigate seismic behaviour of CLT shear wall systems in regions of high seismicity for use in the United States. Specifically, the results of a full-scale shake table test of a two-storey 223 m2 building. The CLT special shear walls in the building were designed based on a design methodology that resulted from connector and reverse cyclic testing of isolated CLT shear walls using a generic connector. The main design assumption for these walls is that all overturning was resisted by the overturning anchor (tie-down rod or hold-downs) at the wall ends and the shear is resisted by the generic angle brackets connected with nails. The shake table tests were performed in three phases with each phase consisting of a different CLT wall configuration. Phase 1 and 2 were multi-panel configurations with 4:1 (h/b) and 2:1 aspect ratio panels, respectively. Phase 3 was another 4:1 aspect ratio wall with return walls added in the transverse direction to examine their effect on the overall response. The structure was subjected to several ground motions including one scaled to the maximum credible earthquake (MCE), equivalent to a 2475 year return period.

Keywords: Cross laminated timber; Seismic force resisting system; FEMA P-695 methodology; shake table testing

Publication Review Process: Formally Refereed

File size: 1,024 kb(s)

Date posted: 11/23/2020

This publication is also viewable on Treesearch:  view
RITS Product ID: 10067
Current FPL Scientist associated with this product
Rammer, Douglas R.
Research General Engineer

Additional items that might interest you
View the video celebrating FPL's 100 years of public service in 2010, from the producers of the Greatest Good....view

Research Highlights from FPL....view

Termite Eradication: A search for the Holy Grail.... view

Moisture Management in Residential Construction Series videos...view

Wood Floor Systems in Residential Construction Series videos....view
- FPL's Mission and Strategic Plan -

FPL's mission is to identify and conduct innovative wood and fiber utilization research that contributes to conservation and productivity of the forest resource, thereby sustaining forests, the economy, and quality of life. ... ..more »

- FPL Research Emphasis Areas -
Advanced Composites

As an integral part of the FPL mission, we improve the long-term sustainability of our Nation's forests by creating valuable composite products from biobased materials ... ..more »

Advanced Structures

The FPL has been in the forefront of wood-frame housing research since 1910 and has long been recognized as a world leader in such housing-related areas as engineered wood ... ..more »

Forest Biorefinery

We all know the compelling reasons that the United States needs to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. Historically, the greatest increases in energy demand have been for transportation fuels ... ..more »


A leader in wood products research for over a century, the FPL is positioning itself to become the lead Federal research facility for the application of nanotechnology in forest products ... more »

Woody Biomass Utilization

Forests in the United States contain a substantial amount of small-diameter, overstocked, and underutilized material.FPL research projects are exploring the potential of the small-diameter ... ..more »