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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

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Bessie Woodward

Durability and Wood Protection Research
Unit: FPL-4723

One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI
United States
53726-2398

Phone:
bwoodward@fs.fed.us

Below are the 38 US Forest Service publications sorted by year. You may re-sort the list by: Title, Date Posted, Category, Publication or Year.

Publication Year: 2017
 
Title: Evaluation of nonpressure wood preservatives for military applications
Source: Res. Pap. FPL-RP-693. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 32 p.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan T.; Zelinka, Samuel L.; Arango, Rachel A.; Woodward, Bessie M.; Lebow, Patricia K.; Ohno, Katie M.; Chotlos, Nathaniel P.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2016
 
Title: Evaluating the effects of post dip-treatment laser marking on resistance to feeding by subterranean termites
Source: Proceedings IRG Annual Meeting (ISSN 2000-8953) 2016 The International Research Group on Wood Protection; IRG/WP 16-10854 THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH GROUP ON WOOD PROTECTION; Section 1 Biology...
Author(s) Arango, Rachel A.; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Stan
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Natural resistance of plantation grown African mahogany (Khaya ivorensis and Khaya senegalensis) from Brazil to wood-rot fungi and subterranean termites
Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 107 (2016): 88-91.
Author(s) França, Tâmara Suely Filgueira Amorim; França, Frederico José Nistal; Arango, Rachel A.; Woodward, Bessie M.; Arantes, Marina Donária Chaves
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2015
 
Title: Efficacy of alternatives to zinc naphthenate for dip treatment of wood packaging materials
Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Arango, Rachel; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Patricia; Ohno, Katie
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fifty-Year Durability Evaluation of Posts Treated with Industrial Wood Preservatives
Source: Forest Products Journal
Author(s) Lebow, Stan T.; Lebow, Patricia; Woodward, Bessie; Kirker, Grant T.; Arango, Rachel
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2014
 
Title: Documenting the Durability and Service Life of Pressure-treated Wood
Source: Proceedings, 108th Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, April 29 – May 2, 2012. Nashville, TN. 108: 2014; pp.166-170.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Patricia
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Synergy and Diffusion with a Borax-Copper Hydroxide Groundline Preservative: 20 Year Update
Source: Proceedings, 110th Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association. May 4 – 6, 2014, Newport Beach, CA. American Wood Protection Association, Birmingham, AL. p.88-94.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Abbott, Bill; West, Mike
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2013
 
Title: Chemical remediation of wood treated with micronised, nano or soluble copper preservatives
Source: Holzforschung 2014; Volume 68, Number 7: 2013; pp. 831–837.
Author(s) Kartal, Saip Nami; Terzi, Evren; Woodward, Bessie; Clausen, Carol A.; Lebow, Stan T.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Long-Term Durability of Pressure-Treated Wood in a Severe Test Site
Source: Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, Volume 2, Number 1, 2013; pp. 178–188.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Kirker, Grant; Lebow, Patricia
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Removal of nano- and micronized-copper from treated wood by chelating agents
Source: In: Proceedings IRG Annual Meeting; The International Research Group on Wood Protection, section 5, Sustainability and Environment; IRG/WP 13-50294; 2013. 15 p.
Author(s) Kartal, S. Nami; Terzi, Evren; Woodward, Bessie; Clausen, Carol A.; Lebow, Stan T.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2012
 
Title: Field tests of the efficacy of zinc and fatty amine in preventing colonization by copper-tolerant fungi
Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 70(2012) 74-78
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Halverson, Steven; West, Michael
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2011
 
Title: Comparison of Wood Preservatives in Stake Tests 2011 Progress Report
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Research Note, FPL-RN-02, 2011
Author(s) Bessie M. Woodward; Cherilyn A. Hatfield; Stan T. Lebow
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: NDE investigation of the timber foundation in the historic Kennecott Mine Concentration Mill Building
Source: In: Proceedings of the 17th International Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Wood Symposium, Volume 2, Sept 14-16, 2011. University of West Hungary, Sopron, Hungary. pp. 513-521. (Edited by Ferenc Divos, Published by the University of West Hungary; ISBN 978-963-9883-83-3, volume 2).
Author(s) Wacker, James P.; Wang, Xiping; Rammer, Douglas R.; Woodward, Bessie M.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2010
 
Title: Antifungal Essential Oil Metabolites
Source: From IRG CD titled 41st iRG Biarritz, May 9-13, 2010 in the 4st annual meeting of the International Research Group on Wood Protection; pp.
Author(s) Clausen, Carol A.; Woodward, Bessie M.; Yang, Vina W.
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Efficacy of Fatty Acid Chemistry: Candidate Mold and Decay Fungicides
Source: In: Proceedings One Hundred Sixth Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, Hyatt Regency Riverfront, Savannah, Georgia, May 23-25, 2010, pp. 287-297; 2010
Author(s) Coleman, Robert; Yang, Vina; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Patti; Clausen, Carol
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Long-term Durability of CCA and ACA: How is 0.4 Doing?
Source: In: Proceedings One Hundred Sixth Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, Hyatt Regency Riverfront, Savannah, Georgia, May 23-25, 2010, pp. 174-183; 2010
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Hatfield, Cherilyn; Woodward, Bessie
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Stake Tests of Northeastern Species Treated with Copper-based Preservatives: Five-Year Results
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Research Note FPL-RN-0314
Author(s) Stan T. Lebow; Bessie M. Woodward; Steven A. Halverson; Rachel Arango
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The Need for Performance Criteria in Evaluating the Durability of Wood Products
Source: Journal of Istanbul University Forestry Faculty Volume 58 Number 2: 31-41. 2010
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Patricia; Clausen, Carol
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2009
 
Title: Efficacy of a Borax-Copper Preservative in Exposed Applications
Source: FPL-RP-655, June 2009
Author(s) Stan T. Lebow; Patricia K. Lebow; Bessie M. Woodward; Steven A. Halverson; William Abbott; Michael M. West
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2008
 
Title: Assessment of biodeterioration for the screening of new wood preservatives: Calculation of stiffness loss in rapid decay testing
Source: Holzforschung, Vol. 62, pp. 270-276, 2008
Author(s) Przeqloka, Crawford, Rammer, Buckner, Woodward, Li, Nicholas
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Observations on the Predictive Value of Short-term Tests
Source: In: Proceedings One Hundreth Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, Portland Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon, May 18-20, 2008, pp. 85-88; 2008
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Patricia
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2007
 
Title: Deterioration of wood from live and dead Alaska yellow-cedar in contact with soil
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 57, no. 6 (June 2007): Pages 23-30
Author(s) Hennon, Paul; Woodward, Bessie; Lebow, Patricia
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Ground-Contact Durability of Wood Treated with Borax-Copper Preservative
Source: In: Proceedings of the hundred Third Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, Hyatt Regancy Union Station, St. Louis, Missouri, May 6-8, 2007, pp. 82-87; 2007
Author(s) Lebow, Woodward, Lebow
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2006
 
Title: Formosan and native subterranean termite attack of pressure-treated SPF wood species exposed in Louisiana
Source: Wood and fiber science. Vol. 38, no. 4 (2006): pages 609-620.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Shupe, Todd; Woodward, Bessie; Crawford, Douglas; Via, Brian; Hatfield, Cherilyn
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2005
 
Title: Resistance of borax-copper treated wood in aboveground exposure to attack by Formosan subterranean termites
Source: Res. Note FPL-RN-0295. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 4 p.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Crawford, Douglas; Abbott, William
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2003
 
Title: Long-term stake evaluations of waterborne copper systems
Source: Proceedings : ninety-ninth annual meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... Boston, Massachusetts, April 27-30, 2003 : Volume 99. Selma, Ala. : American Wood-Preservers' Association: Pages 142-149
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Hatfield, Cherilyn; Crawford, Douglas; Woodward, Bessie
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2001
 
Title: Efficacy of copper borax preservative against wood decay
Source: Proceedings : Ninety-seventh Annual Meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 20-23, 2001. Granbury, Tex. : The Association, c2001: Pages 63-64
Author(s) Abbott, William; Woodward, Bessie; West, Michael
Year: 2001   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2000
 
Title: Correlation between oxalic acid production and copper tolerance in Wolfiporia cocos
Source: International biodeterioration & biodegradation. Vol. 46 (2000).:p. 69-76 : ill.
Author(s) Clausen, C. A.; Green, Frederick.; Woodward, B. M.; Evans, J. W.; DeGroot, R. C.
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Development of naphthenic acid fractionation with supercritical fluid extraction for use in wood decay testing
Source: Proceedings of the Ninety-Fourth Annual Meeting of the American Wood-Preservers' Association ... Scottsdale, Arizona, May 17-19, 1998. Volume 94. Granbury, Tex. : American Wood-Preservers' Association, 2000: Pages 165-177
Author(s) Niemi, Brett; St. John, Wayne; Woodward, Bessie; DeGroot, Rodney; McGinnis, Gary
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Natural decay resistance of heartwood from dead, standing yellow-cedar trees : laboratory evaluations
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 50, no. 1 (Jan. 2000).:p. 53-59 : ill.
Author(s) De Groot, Rodney C.; Woodward, Bessie; Hennon, Paul E.
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1998
 
Title: Alternative wood preservatives for use in Indonesia
Source: Forest Prod. J. 48(11/12):98-101; 1998
Author(s) Pipin, Permadi; DeGroot, Rodney C.; Woodward, Bessie
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Field Durability Of CCA- And ACA-Treated Plywood Composed Of Hardwood And Softwood Veneers
Source: Forest Prod. J. 48(2):76-82
Author(s) DeGroot, Rodney C.; Gjovik, Lee R.; Crawford, Douglas; Woodward, Bessie
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wolfiporia cocos : a potential agent for composting of bioprocessing Douglas-fir wood treated with copper-based preservatives
Source: Material und organismen. Vol. 32, no. 3 (1998).:p. [195]-215.
Author(s) De Groot, Rodney.; Woodward, Bessie.
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1996
 
Title: A Laboratory soil-contact decay test: an accelerated method to determine durability of treated wood shakes
Source: Wood and Fiber Science, Vol. 28, no. 2, 1996, pp. 214-226
Author(s) DeGroot, Rodney C.; Woodward, Bessie
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Intergrated Efficacy Evaluations of New Preservatives in Alternative Wood Species
Source: In: Ritter, M.A.; Duwadi, S.R.; Lee, P.D.H., ed(s). National conference on wood transportation structures; 1996 October 23-25; Madison, WI. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL- GTR-94. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory.
Author(s) DeGroot, Rodney C.; Crawford, Douglas; Woodward, Bessie
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Stress-Laminated / Steel T-Beam Bridge System
Source: Ritter, Micheal A.; Duwadi, Sheila Rimal;Lee, Paula D.Hilbrich, eds. 1996. National Conference on Wood Transportation Structures. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-94. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 494 p.
Author(s) Apple, David A.; Woodward, Clinton
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1995
 
Title: Recycling: Supply, Economics, Environment, and Technology
Source: 1995 Recyclying Symposium
Author(s) Abubakr, S.; Friberg, T.; Ince, P.; Ferguson, L.; Woodward, T.; Dugal, D.; Miner R. A.
Year: 1995   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1992
 
Title: Alternative species and preservatives for wood roofing: laboratory decay studies
Source: Forest Prod. J. 42(11/12):57-60
Author(s) DeGroot, Rodney C.; Woodward, Bessie M.; Levan, Susan
Year: 1992   view abstract, download publication »
 
Publication Year: 2010

Highlight ID: 156
Improving Accelerated Testing of Durable Wood Products

Durable wood products such as posts, poles and timbers are expected to resist decay and termite attack for several decades. Testing the durability of new types of wood products is challenging because it is impractical to conduct tests for more than a ...

TitleDate Posted
Amy-B--Rachel-A--Bessie-W(1)Looking into the Future of Wood Preservation

Carol Clausen and her group are serious about wood as a sustainable and versatile building material. Here Amy Blodgett, Rachel Arango, and Bessie Woodword check soil block samples in their ongoing research...

07-29-2014

From left to right are examples of different treated wood: micronized copper quaternary (MCQ), didecyldimethylammonium carbonate (DDAC), and alkaline copper quaternary (ACQ-D). Cupric ions from the wood preservative causes the dark coloration of the wood. Excess copper has deposited on the MCQ (green splotches) and the ACQ (along the end grain).Documenting the Durability and Service Life of Pressure-treated Wood

Preservative treatments can greatly extend the useful life of wood products. Estimates of expected service life are commonly used to compare long-term life-cycle costs for a variety of building materials. Quantifying the expected increase in service-life for treated wood is a challenge few have unde...

05-27-2014