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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592


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Carl J. Houtman
Carl J. Houtman

Carl J. Houtman

Fiber and Chemical Sciences Research
Unit: FPL-4709
Chemical Engineer
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI
United States

Phone: 608-231-9445

Current Research

  • Biorefineries - Approximately every 30 years, the First World War, the Second World War, the Oil crisis of the 1970s, and now, interest in developing biorefineries from lignocellulose peaks. Research scientists at the Forest Products Lab advanced biorefinery technology during the 1940s and 1970s. We are continuing in this tradition by trialing several biorefinery concepts on the pilot scale. The engineering data from our trials are incorporated into economic models that allow use to evaluate the probability of success for biorefineries connected to a paper mill. We are also currently working with several paper companies in an effort to evaluate opportunities for biorefineries at particular mills.
  • PSAs - Pressure sensitive adhesives are used in everything from shipping containers to postage stamps. We are reducing the negative environmental impact of PSA use by developing recycling compatible adhesives that are made from renewable materials. Beginning with sponsorship by the US Postal Service, we developed testing methods to determine if an adhesive is likely to cause problems in a paper recycling mill. Working with adhesive suppliers we have assisted in the development of PSAs that pass our test methods. We now are incorporating non-petrochemical monomers into new PSA formulations that will allow them to be biodegraded.
  • Fungus - Fungi orchestrate a complex set of enzymes to degrade lignocellulose. In many cases the transformations caused by the fungi are similar to unit operation required for biorefineries. We probe the detailed mechanism of fungal action using the methods of polymer science, chemical analysis, and reaction engineering.

Research Interest

  • Integrate biorefineries into pulp mill operations
  • Estimate economic performance of various lignocellulose processes
  • Understand the mechanisms of fungal decay using engineering analysis
  • Develop recycling-compatible and sustainable pressure sensitive adhesives


  • University of Minnesota, B.C.E. Chemical Engineering , 1983
  • University of Minnesota, M.S. Chemical Engineering , 1985
  • University of Delaware, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering , 1990
  • Institut de Catalyse, Lyon, France, Postdoctoral Chemical Engineering , 1991

Professional Organizations

  • American Chemical Society (ACS), Member
  • Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI), Member

Below are the 83 US Forest Service publications sorted by year. You may re-sort the list by: Title, Date Posted, Category, Publication or Year.

Publication Year: 2021
Title: Biodegradability of Lactide Caprolactone Macromonomers in Wastewater
Source: BioResources journal
Author(s) Moore, Roderquita; Gleisner, Roland; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2021   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The characteristics of insoluble softwood substrates affect fungal morphology, secretome composition, and hydrolytic efficiency of enzymes produced by Trichoderma reesei
Source: Biotechnology for Biofuels. 14(1). 4406. 30 p.
Author(s) Novy, Vera ; Nielsen, Fredrik ; Cullen, Daniel ; Sabat, Grzegorz ; Houtman, Carl J.; Hunt, Christopher G.
Year: 2021   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2020
Title: A novel unit operation to remove hydrophobic contaminants
Source: TAPPI Journal. 19(4): 207-217.
Author(s) Houtman, Carl ; Aziz, Salman ; De Jong, Robert ; Doshi, Mahendra
Year: 2020   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The effect of acetylation on iron uptake and diffusion in water saturated wood cell walls and implications for decay
Source: Forests. 11(10): 1121. 12 p.
Author(s) Zelinka, Samuel ; Houtman, Carl J.; Hirth, Kolby ; Lacher, Steven ; Lorenz, Linda ; Engelund Thybring, Emil ; Hunt, Christopher G.
Year: 2020   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2019
Title: Size distribution analysis of microstickies treated by enzyme mixtures in papermaking whitewater
Source: TAPPI Journal. 18(3): 183-192.
Author(s) Tang, Yanan ; Geng, Shengfang ; Houtman, Carl ; Wu, Shubin
Year: 2019   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2018
Title: Effect of pulper consistency on stickies size distribution
Source: TAPPI Journal. 17(8): 461-468.
Author(s) Doshi, Mahendra ; Aziz, Salman ; De Jong, Robert ; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fungal lignin peroxidase does not produce the veratryl alcohol cation radical as a diffusible ligninolytic oxidant
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 293(13): 4702-4712.
Author(s) Houtman, Carl J.; Maligaspe, Eranda ; Hunt, Christopher G.; Fernández-Fueyo, Elena ; Martínez, Angel T.; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Lessons learned from 150 years of pulping wood
Source: In: Beckham, Gregg T., ed. Energy and Environment Series No. 19: Lignin valorization: emerging approaches. Royal Society of Chemistry: 62-74. Chapter 3.
Author(s) Houtman, Carl
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2017
Title: Conversion economics of forest biomaterials: risk and financial analysis of CNC manufacturing
Source: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 11(4): 682-700.
Author(s) de Assis, Camilla Abbati; Houtman, Carl; Phillips, Richard; Bilek, E.M. Ted; Rojas, Orlando J.; Pal, Lokendra; Peresin, Maria Soledad; Jameel, Hasan; Gonzalez, Ronalds
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Increasing the revenue from lignocellulosic biomass: maximizing feedstock utilization
Source: Science Advances. 1-7.
Author(s) Alonso, David Martin; Hakim, Sikander H.; Zhou, Shengfei ; Won, Wangyun ; Hosseinaei, Omid ; Tao, Jingming ; Garcia-Negron, Valerie ; Montagamwala, Ali Hussain; Mellmer, Max A.; Huang, Kefeng ; Houtman, Carl J.; Labbe, Nicole ; Harper, David P.; Maravelias, Christos; Runge, Troy ; Dumesic, James A.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Rheometry of coarse biomass at high temperature and pressure
Source: Biomass and Bioenergy. 99: 69-78.
Author(s) Klingenberg, Daniel J.; Root, Thatcher W.; Burlawar, Shalaka; Scott, C. Tim; Bourne, Keith J.; Gleisner, Roland; Houtman, Carl; Subramaniam, Vish
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2016
Title: A survey of bioenergy research in Forest Service Research and Development
Source: BioEnergy Research
Author(s) Rudie, Alan W.; Houtman, Carl J.; Groom, Les; Nicholls, David L.; Zhu, Junyong
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Acridine Orange Indicates Early Oxidation of Wood Cell Walls by Fungi
Source: PLOS ONE
Author(s) Houtman, Carl J.; Kitin, Peter; Houtman, Jon C. D.; Hammel, Kenneth E.; Hunt, Christopher G.
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Bioconversion of woody biomass to biofuel and lignin co-product using sulfite pretreatment to overcome the recalcitrance of lignocelluloses (SPORL)
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-240.
Author(s) Zhu, Junyong; Zhang, Chao; Gleisner, Roland; Houtman, Carl; Pan, Xuejun
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2015
Title: Regulation of Gene Expression during the Onset of Ligninolytic Oxidation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Spruce Wood
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Author(s) Korripally, Premsagar; Hunt, Christopher G.; Houtman, Carl J.; Jones, Don C.; Kitin, Peter J.; Cullen, Dan; Hammel, Kenneth E.; Brakhage, A. A.
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2014
Title: A Highly Diastereoselective Oxidant Contributes to Ligninolysis by the White Rot Basidiomycete Ceriporiopsis subvermispora
Source: Appl. Environ. Microbiol., Volume 80, Number 24, 2014; pp. 7536-7544. .
Author(s) Yelle, Daniel J.; Kapich, Alexander N.; Houtman, Carl J.; Lu, Fachuang; Timokhin, Vitaliy I.; Fort Jr., Raymond C.; Ralph, John; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Method and System for Measuring Optical Properties of Scattering and Absorbing Materials
Source: U.S. Patent 7,495,221 B2. Feb 24, 2009. 9 p. Int. Classif. G01N 21/17. 2/en?oq=11%2f803%2c484
Author(s) Vahey, David W.; Zhu, JunYong ; Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Method for Producing Pulp
Source: U.S. Patent 7,306,698 B2. Dec 11, 2007. 10 p. Int. Classif. D21C 3/04. /en?oq=10%2f100%2c469
Author(s) Akhtar, Masood ; Swaney, Ross E.; Horn, Eric G.; Lentz, Michael J.; Scott, Gary M.; Black, Cory C. ; Houtman, Carl J.; Kirk, T.K.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Using low temperature to balance enzymatic saccharification and furan formation during SPORL pretreatment of Douglas-fir
Source: Process Biochemistry, Volume 49, 2014; pp. 466-473.
Author(s) Zhang, C.; Houtman, C.J.; Zhu, J.Y.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2013
Title: Hydrogen peroxide and caustic soda: Dancing with a dragon while bleaching
Source: Tappi Journal, Volume 12, Number 7, July 2013; pp. 59-65.
Author(s) Hart, Peter W.; Houtman, Carl; Hirth, Kolby
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 6: Prehydrolysis Pulping with Fermentation Coproducts
Source: In: RSC Green Chemistry No. 18, Integrated Forest Biorefineries, Edited by Lew Christopher. The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013, Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry,; 2013; pp. 134-150.
Author(s) Wegner, T.H.; Houtman, C.J.; Rudie, A.W.; Illman, B.L.; Ince, P.J.; Bilek, E.M.; Jeffries, T.W.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Evidence from Serpula lacrymans that 2,5-Dimethoxyhydroquinone Is a Lignocellulolytic Agent of Divergent Brown Rot Basidiomycetes
Source: Appl. Environ. Microbiol. Volume 79, Number 7 2013; pp. 2377-2383.
Author(s) Korripally, Premsagar; Timokhin, Vitaliy I.; Houtman, Carl J.; Mozuch, Michael D.; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Spatial mapping of extracellular oxidant production by a white rot basidiomycete on wood reveals details of ligninolytic mechanism
Source: Environmental Microbiology, Volume 15, Number 3, 2013; pp. 956–966.
Author(s) Hunt, Christopher G.; Houtman, Carl J.; Jones, Don C.; Kitin, Peter; Korripally, Premsagar; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Surface Enrichment by Conventional and Polymerizable Sulfated Nonylphenol Ethoxylate Emulsifiers in Water-Based Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive
Source: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. Volume 52, 2013; pp. 8616-8621.
Author(s) Zhang, Jilin; Zhao, Yuxi; Dubay, Matthew R.; Severtson, Steven J.; Gwin, Larry E.; Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Timber Bamboo Pulp
Source: TAPPl JOURNAL, Volume 12, Number 2 , FEBRUARY 2013; pp. 9-15.
Author(s) Runge, Troy; Houtman, Carl; Negri, Alberto; Heinricher, Jackie
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Time-domain NMR study of the drying of hemicellulose extracted aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.)
Source: Holzforschung 67(4):405–411
Author(s) Elder, Thomas; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2012
Title: Polyacrylates with High Biomass Contents for Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives Prepared via Mini-emulsion Polymerization
Source: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. Volume 51, 2012; pp. 12145-12149.
Author(s) Pu, Gang; Dubay, Matthew R.; Zhang, Jiguang; Severtson, Steven J.; Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Quantitative predictions of bioconversion of aspen by dilute acid and SPORL pretreatments using a unified combined hydrolysis factor (CHF)
Source: Elsevier
Author(s) Zhu, W.; Houtman, Carl J.; Zhu, J.Y.; Gleisner, Roland; Chen, K.F.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Recycling Pressure-Sensitive Products
Source: 2012-03-19, Adhesives Magazine; 2012. p. 9.
Author(s) Guo, Jihui; Gwin, Larry; Houtman, Carl; Kroll, Mark; Severtson, Steven J.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2011
Title: Evaluation of a Value Prior to Pulping-thermomechanical pulp business concept: Part 2
Source: Tappi Journal, May 2011, pp. 31-38
Author(s) Bilek,E.M.; Houtman, Carl; Ince, Peter
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Pilot trials of hemicelluloses extraction prior to thermomechanical pulp production: Part 1
Source: Tappi Journal May 2011 pp. 21-28
Author(s) Houtman, Carl; Horn, Eric
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Proteomic and functional analysis of the Cellulase system Expressed by Postia placenta during Brown Rot of Solid Wood
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Nov. 2011, p. 7933-7941; 2011
Author(s) Ryu, JaeSan; Shary, Semarjit; Houtman,Carl J.; Panisko, Ellen A.; Korripally, Premsagar; St.John, Franz J.; Crooks, Casey; Siika-aho, Matti; Magnuson, Jon K.; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Scale-up study of oxalic acid pretreatment of agricultural lignocellulosic biomass for the production of bioethanol
Source: Bioresource Technology, 102 (2011) 7451-7456. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2011.05.022; 2011.
Author(s) Lee, Jae-Won; Houtman, Carl J.; Kim, Hye-Yun; Choi, In-Gyu; Jeffries, Thomas W.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2010
Title: Laccase and Its Role in Production of Extracellular Reactive Oxygen Species during Wood Decay by the Brown Rot Basidiomycete Postia placenta
Source: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Apr. 2010, p. 2091-2097; 2010
Author(s) Wei, Dongsheng; Houtman, Carl J.; Kapich, Alenander N.; Hunt, Christopher G.; Cullen, Daniel; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2009
Title: Modifications of Surfactant Distributions and Surface Morphologies in Latex Films Due to Moisture Exposure
Source: J. Phys. Chem B 2009, 113, 10189-10195; 2009
Author(s) Xu, Guizhen H.; Dong, Jinping; Severtson, Steven J.; Houtman, Carl J.; Gwin, Larry E.
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Sulfonated Amphiphilic Block Copolymers: Synthesis, Self-Assembly in Water, and Application as Stabilizer in Emulsion Polymerization
Source: Macromolecules 2009, 42, 5080-5090; 2009
Author(s) Zhang, Jiguang; Dubay, Matthew R.; Houtman, Carl J.; Severtson, Steven J.
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2008
Title: Characterizing the Distribution of Nonylphenol Ethoxylate Surfactants in Water-Based Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive Films using Atomic-Force and Confocal Raman Microscopy
Source: J. Phys. Chem. B2008, 112, 11907-11914; 2008
Author(s) Xu, Guizhen H.; Dong, Jinping; Zhang, Jiguang; Severtson, Steven J.; Houtman, Carl J.; Gwin, Larry E.
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Design Criteria for Recycling Compatible Pressure-Sensitive Products
Source: In: Proceedings of the pressure-sensive tape council's tech XXXI meeting. 2008 May 7-9; Baltimore, MD. Northbrook, IL: Pressure Sensitive Tape Council. 10 p.; 2008
Author(s) Severtson, Steve; Guo, Jihui; Gwin, Larry; Houtman, Carl; Kroll, Mark
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Validation of laboratory-scale recycling test method of paper PSA label products
Source: Progress in paper recycling. Vol. 17, no. 2 (Feb. 2008): Pages 26-31
Author(s) Houtman, Carl; Scallon, Karen; Oldack, Richard
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2007
Title: A New Approach to Measurement of Effective Residual Ink Concentration of Deinked Papers
Source: In: Proceedings of 8th Research Forum on Recycling, September 23-27, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, pp 263-271. 2007
Author(s) Vahey, D. W.; Zhu, J. Y.; Houtman, C. J.
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Obtaining value prior to pulping with diethyl oxalate and oxalic acid
Source: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry, 2007 June 10-15, Madison, WI. Madison, WI : Omni Press, 2007: Pages 25-26
Author(s) Kenealy, W.R.; Horn, E.; Houtman, C.J.; Laplaza, J.; Jeffries, T.W.
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Pretreatments for converting wood into paper and chemicals
Source: Materials, chemicals, and energy from biomass energy. Washington, DC : American Chemical Society : Distributed by Oxford University Press, c2007. ACS symposium series ; 954: ISBN: 0841239819: 9780841239814: pages 392-408.
Author(s) Kenealy, William R.; Houtman, Carl J.; Laplaza, Jose; Jeffries, Thomas W.; Horn, Eric G.
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Properties of Water-Based Acrylic Pressure Sensitive Adhesive Films in Aqueous Environments
Source: In: Proceedings of the 8th TAPPI research forum on recycling. 2007 September 23-26; Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. Atlanta, GA: TAPPI Press. 6 p; 2007
Author(s) Houtman, Carl; Severtson, Steve; Guo, Jihui; Xu, Helen; Gwin, Larry
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Vapor-phase diethyl oxalate pretreatment of wood chips. Part 1, Energy savings and improved pulps
Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 61 (2007): pages 223-229.
Author(s) Kenealy, William; Horn, Eric; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Vapor-phase diethyl oxalate pretreatment of wood chips. Part 2, Release of hemicellulosic carbohydrates
Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 61 (2007): pages 230-235.
Author(s) Kenealy, William; Horn, Eric; Davis, Mark; Swaney, Ross; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2006
Title: Fungal hydroquinones contribute to brown rot of wood
Source: Environmental microbiology. Vol. 8, no. 12 (2006): p. 2214-2223.
Author(s) Suzuki, Melissa R.; Hunt, Christopher G.; Houtman, Carl J.; Dalebroux, Zachary D.; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Title: On measurements of Effective Residual Ink Concentration (ERIC) of deinked papers using Kubelka-Munk theory
Source: Progress in paper recycling. Vol. 16, no. 1 (Nov. 2006): pages 3-12.
Author(s) Vahey, D.W.; Zhu, J.Y.; Houtman, C.J.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Properties of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives Found in Paper Recycling Operations
Source: IN: 2006 TAPPI Engineering, Pulping and Environmental Conference proceedings. [Norcross, GA] : TAPPI, 2006. CD-ROM.
Author(s) Verhulst, Ryan F.; Severtson, Steven J.; Guo, Jihui, Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2004
Title: A biopulping mechanism : creation of acid groups on fiber
Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 58 (2004): Pages 434-439
Author(s) Hunt, Chris; Kenealy, William; Horn, Eric; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: A new mechanism of biopulping : attachment of acid groups on fiber
Source: Ninth International Conference on Biotechnology in the Pulp and Paper Industry : Durban, South Africa, 10-14 October 2004. [S.l. : s.n.], 2004
Author(s) Kenealy, William R.; Hunt, Chris; Horn, Eric; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Controlling adhesive behavior during recycling
Source: 7th Research Forum on Recycling, Sept. 27-29, 2004, Quebec City, QC. Montreal, Quebec : Pulp and Paper Technical Association of Canada, 2004: Pages 11-16
Author(s) Houtman, Carl; Scallon, Karen; Guo, Jihui; Wang, XinPing; Severtson, Steve; Kroll, Mark; Nowak, Mike
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Evaluating chemical-, mechanical-, and bio-pulping processes and their sustainability characterization using life-cycle assessment
Source: Environmental Progress (Vol.23, No.4) p. 347-357; December 2004
Author(s) Das, Tapas K.; Dee, Pe; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: New technology in pulping and bleaching
Source: Encyclopedia of forest sciences. Volume two. Oxford, UK : Elsevier Academic Press, 2004: Pages 918-924
Author(s) Atalla, R. H.; Reiner, R. S.; Houtman, C. J.; Springer, E. L.
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2003
Title: Commercialization of biopulping: an energy-saving and environmentally-friendly technology for the paper industry
Source: 2003 TAPPI Fall Technical Conference: Engineering, Pulping & PCE&I. Atlanta, GA: TAPPI Press, 2003: [7] pages
Author(s) Swaney, Ross; Akhtar, Masood; Horn, Eric; Lentz, Michael; Houtman, Carl; Klungness, John
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of macrostickies measurement methods
Source: Progress in paper recycling. Vol. 12, no. 3 (May 2003): pages 34-43.
Author(s) Doshi, Mahendra R.; Moore, William J.; Venditti, R.A.; Copeland, K.; Chang, H.-M.; Putz, Hans-Joachim; Delagoutte, Thierry; Houtman, Carl; Tan, Freya; Davie, Lisa; Sauve, Gregg; Dahl, Tim; Robinson, Dave
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of Microstickies Measurement Methods Part II: Results and Discussion
Source: Progress in Paper Recycling / Vol. 13, No. 1, November 2003; 2003
Author(s) Doshi, Mahendra R.; Blanco, Angeles; Negro, Carlos; Monte, Concepcion; Dorris, Gilles M.; Castro, Carlos C.; Hamann, Axel; Haynes, R. Daniel; Houtman Carl; Scallon, Karen; Putz, Hans-Joachim; Johansson, Hans; Venditti, R.A.; Copeland, K.; Chang, H-M
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of microstickies measurement methods. Part I, sample preparation and measurement methods
Source: Progress in paper recycling. Vol. 12, no. 4 (Aug. 2003): pages 35-42.
Author(s) Doshi, Mahendra R.; Blanco, Angeles; Negro, Carlos; Dorris, Gilles M.; Castro, Carlos C.; Hamann, Axel; Haynes, R. Daniel; Houtman, Carl; Scallon, Karen; Putz, Hans-Joachim; Johansson, Hans; Venditti, R.A.; Copeland, K.; Chang, H.-M.
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Understanding wood chemistry changes during biopulping
Source: 12th ISWPC International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry : Madison, Wisconsin, June 9-12, 2003, proceedings. Volume II, Poster presentations. [Madison, WI : University of Wisconsin--Madison, Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management, 2003]: Pages 169
Author(s) Hunt, Chris; Kenealy, William; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2002
Source: Proc 2002 TAPPI fall technical conference and trade fair
Author(s) Houtman, Scallon
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Can laboratory and pilot recycling trials predict adhesive removal in commercial recycling systems? : results from the USPS environmentally benign stamp project
Source: Proceedings of the 2002 TAPPI fall technical conference and trade fair, 2002 September 8-22, San Diego, CA. Atlanta, GA: TAPPI Press, 2002: [6] pages
Author(s) Houtman, Carl; Seiter, Daniel; Ross Sutherland, Nancy; Donermeyer, Donald
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Factors Affecting Quantification of Contaminants by Image Analysis
Source: Proc 2002 TAPPI fall technical conference and trade fair; 2002 September 8-22; San Diego, CA
Author(s) Houtman, Tan
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Significant levels of extracellular reactive oxygen species produced by brown rot basidiomycetes on cellulose
Source: FERS letters. Vol. 531 (2002): Pages 483-488
Author(s) Cohen, Roni; Jensen, Kenneth A.; Houtman, Carl J.; Hammel, Kenneth E.
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2001
Title: Evaluation of physical changes in wood during colonization by Ceriporiopsis submervispora
Source: 11th ISWPC International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry : June 11-14, 2001, Nice, France. [S.l. : s.n.], 2001: Pages 439-441
Author(s) Hunt, Chris; Wiedenhoeft, Alex; Horn, Eric; Houtman, Carl
Year: 2001   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Pathways for Extracellular Fenton Chemistry in the Brown Rot Basidiomycete Gloeophyllum Trabeum
Source: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, June 2001, Vol. 67, No. 6; p. 2705-2711
Author(s) Jensen, Houtman, Ryan, Hammel
Year: 2001   view abstract, download publication »
Title: POM-assisted electrochemical delignification and bleaching of chemical pulp
Source: Cellulose chemistry and technology. Vol. 35, nos. 5-6 (2001): Pages 503-511.
Author(s) Laroche, Helene; Sain, Mohini; Houtman, Carl; Daneault, Claude
Year: 2001   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2000
Title: Development of USPS Laboratory and pilot-scale testing protocols
Source: 2000 proceedings, TAPPI Recycling Symposium : Mar. 5-8, 2000, Washington, D.C. Volume two. Atlanta, GA : TAPPI Press, 2000: Pages 403-431
Author(s) Houtman, Carl; Sutherland, Nancy Ross; Bormett, David; Donermeyer, Donald
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Enhanced wet air oxidation : synergistic rate acceleration upon effluent recirculation
Source: Industrial engineering and chemistry research. Vol. 39 (2000): Pages 55-64
Author(s) Birchmeier, Matthew J.; Hill, Charles G.; Houtman, Carl J.; Atalla, Rajai H.; Weinstock, Ira A.
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Polyoxometalate (POM) catalyst systems : chemical principles and reactions with lignin and oxygen
Source: Sixth European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp : [Advances in Lignocellulosics Chemistry Towards High Quality Processes and Products : Sept. 3-6, 2000, Bordeaux, France. Bordeaux, France : Bordeaux Universite, 2000]: Pages 67-68
Author(s) Weinstock, I.A.; Atalla, R.H.; Bond, J.S.; Barbuzzi, E.M.G.; Grigoriev, V.A.; Gueletii, Y.; Cowan, J.J.; Sonnen, D.M.; Reiner, R.S.; Reichel, S.E.; Heintz, R.A.; Houtman, C.J.; Bailey, A.J.; Hill, C.L.
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Quantification of pressure sensitive adhesive, residual ink, and other colored process contaminants using dye and color image analysis
Source: 2000 proceedings, TAPPI Recycling Symposium : Mar. 5-8, 2000, Washington, D.C. Volume two. Atlanta, GA : TAPPI Press, 2000: Pages 713-724
Author(s) Rosenberger, Roy R.; Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1999
Title: Closed-mill delignification by design using polyoxometalates
Source: 1999 proceedings : TAPPI International Environmental Conference, April 18-21, 1999, Nashville, Tennessee, Opryland Hotel. Atlanta, GA : Tappi Press, c1999.:p. 819-829 : ill.
Author(s) Houtman, C. J.; Reiner, R. S.; Reichel, S. E.; Birchmeier, M. J.; Sullivan, C. E.; Weinstock, L. A.; Atalla, R. H.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Compatibility of pressure sensitive adhesives with recycling unit operations
Source: Fundamental advances and innovations in the pulp and paper industry. New York : American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 1999. AIChE symposium series ; no. 322.:p. 159-164.
Author(s) Bormett, David.; Houtman, Carl.; Abubakr, Said.; Peng, Joseph.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Recent advances in polyoxometalate based delignification
Source: [10th International Symposium on Wood and Pulping Chemistry, Main Symposium, 1999 June 07-10, Yokohama, Japan]. Atlanta, GA : TAPPI Press, 1999.:p. 408-412 : ill.
Author(s) Atalla, R. H.; Weinstock, L. A.; Reiner, R. S.; Houtman, C. J.; Reichel, S.; Hill, C. G.; Hill, C. L.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Recycling evaluation of new-generation environmentally benign pressure sensitive adhesives
Source: [The Adhesive and Sealant Council, Inc., 1999 Spring Convention and EXPO, April 11-14, Sheraton Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Bethesda, MD : Adhesive and Sealant Council, 1999?].:[3] p.
Author(s) Abubakr, Said M.; Houtman, Carl.; Bormett, Dave.; Sutherland, Nancy Ross.; Peng, Joe.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
Title: What factors control dimerization of coniferyl alcohol?
Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 53, no. 6 (1999).:p. 585-589 : ill.
Author(s) Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1998
Title: Selective Transition-Metal Catalysis of Oxygen Delignification Using Water-Soluble Salts of Polyoxometalate (POM) Anions. Part I.
Source: Holzforschung/ / Vol.52 / 1998 / No. 30, pp. 304-310
Author(s) Weinstock, Ira A.; Atalla, Rajai H.; Reiner, Richard S.; Houtman, Carl J.; Hill, Criag L.
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The Second Generation of Polyoxometalate Delignification Agents for Effluent-Free Bleaching
Source: Proc 1998 international pulp bleaching conference; 1998 June 1-5; Helsinki, Finland
Author(s) Atalla, R.H.; Weinstock, I.A.; Reiner, R.S.; Houtman, C.J.; Sullivan, C.; Hill, C.G.
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1997
Title: A new environmentally benign technology for transforming wood pulp into paper Engineering polyoxometalates as catalysts for multiple processes
Source: Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 116 (1997) 59-84
Author(s) Weinstock, Ira A.; Atalla, Rajai H.; Reiner, Richard S.; Moen, Mark A.; Hammel, Kenneth E.; Houtman, Carl J.; Hill, Craig L.; Harrup, Mason K.
Year: 1997   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1996
Title: A new environmentally benign technology and approach to bleaching kraft pulp. Polyoxometalates for selective delignification and waste mineralization
Source: New J. Chem., 1996, 20,269-275
Author(s) Weinstock, Ira A.; Atalla, Rajai H.: Reiner, Richard S.; Moen, Mark A.; Hammel, Kenneth E.; Houtman, Carl J.; Hill, Craig L.
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The complex of amylose and iodine
Source: Carbohydrate Research 292 (1996) 129-141
Author(s) Yu, Xiaochun; Houtman, Carl; Atalla, Rajai H.
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1995
Title: Cellulose-Lignin Interactions1
Source: Plant Physiol. (1995) 107: No. 3. pp. 977-984
Author(s) Houtman, Carl J.; Atalla, Rajai H.
Year: 1995   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Highly Selective Oxidative Delignification of Kraft Pulp by Water Soluble Polyoxometalates
Source: Proc 8th International symposium on wood and pulping chemistry; 1995 June 6-9; Helsinki, Finland
Author(s) Weinstock, I. A.; Atalla, R. H.; Hill, Craig L.; Reiner, Richard S.; Houtman, Carl J.
Year: 1995   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Polyoxometalate Bleaching of Kraft Pulp: A Highly Selective closed Mill Technology
Source: In: Proceedings of the 1995 TAPPI Pulping conference; 1995 October 1-5; Chicago Il. Atlanta, GA: TAPPI PRESS: Book 1. 1995; pp. 153-156.
Author(s) Weinstock, I.A.; Atalla, R.H.; Reiner, R.S.; Moen, M.A.; Hammel, K.E.; Hill, C. L.; Houtman, C.J.
Year: 1995   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Polyoxometalate Bleaching: A Highly Selective, Closed-Mill Technology
Source: Proc 1995 International environmental conference; 1995 May 7-10; Atlanta, GA
Author(s) Weinstock, I. A.; Atalla, R. H.; Reiner, R. S.; Hill, C. L.; Houtman, C. J.
Year: 1995   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2017

Highlight ID: 1289
Enabling cellulose nanomaterial commercialization

Cellulose nanomaterials are a high-value product that can be made from low-value wood. ...

Publication Year: 2015
The dots are microscopic beads and the lines are fungal hyphae. The beads turn from red to green when exposed to oxidation. Notice that the bead next to the fungus is more green than the others. USDA Forest Service.
Highlight ID: 618
How Does Wood Decay Start?

How do fungi rot wood? Using new tools, fluorescent dye attached to tiny beads, and laser confocal microscopy, Forest Service scientists were able to follow oxidation on a microscopic level. The information is helping them zero-in on the chemicals fu ...

Publication Year: 2013
FPL research looks to improve the safety of pulp bleaching at paper mills. Thinkstock
Highlight ID: 448
Scientists Determine Critical Factors that Caused Peroxide Explosion in Paper Mill

In 2001, a peroxide bleach stage at a paper mill in Evadale, Texas, exploded, rupturing two bleaching towers, destroying a pump, and propelling fragments over 800 yards in all directions. There were no fatalities in this incident, but unfortunately, ...

Publication Year: 2012
Electron micrograph image showing the unusual failure of release coating on a postage stamp. Dark regions are pressure-sensitive adhesive; light regions are silicone-release coating that has pulled away from backing paper liner. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 22
Forest Service Continues To Make a Better Postage Stamp

Latest research reduces the environmental effect of stamp materials ...

TitleDate Posted
Junyong Zhu, FPL research general engineerResearchers Honored with Fellowship

TAPPI, the leading association for the worldwide pulp, paper, packaging, and converting industries, has announced the selection of FPL’s Carl Houtman and Junyong Zhu as TAPPI Fellows...


stampsRecyclable, Compostable Stamps That Last “Forever”

Do you remember the last time you licked a stamp? Maybe not, and for good reason: 20 years have passed since the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) first started transitioning from “lickable” stamps to the peel-and-stick squares we use today, called “pressure-sensitive adhesive” stamps by those in t...