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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

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Grant T. Kirker
Grant T. Kirker

Grant T. Kirker

Durability and Wood Protection Research
Unit: FPL-4723
Research Forest Products Technologist
One Gifford pinchot Drive
Madison, WI
United States
53726

Phone: 608-231-9256
gkirker@fs.fed.us

Research Interest

  • Microbial Community Dynamics of Wood Decay
  • Microbial Degradation of Wood Preservatives
  • Termite-Fungal Interactions
  • Naturally Durable Wood Species


Education

  • Mississippi State University, MS, Ph.D. Forest Products , 2008
  • Mississippi State University, MS, M.S. Entomology (minor=Plant Pathology) , 2004
  • Mississippi State University, MS, B.S. Agricultural Pest Management , 2001

Professional Organizations

  • American Society Of Testing Materials, Chair Of Subcommittee D07.06 (2015 - Current)
  • American Wood Preservers Association, Chair Of Committee P6 (Methods For The Evaluation Of Wood Preservatives) (2014 - Current)
  • Entomological Society of America, Member
  • Forest Products Society, Member
  • Society of Wood Science and Technology (SWST), Member
  • International Research Group on Wood Preservation, Member

Below are the 53 US Forest Service publications sorted by year. You may re-sort the list by: Title, Date Posted, Category, Publication or Year.

Publication Year: 2018
 
Title: Antioxidant effects of four heartwood extractives on midgut enzyme activity in Heterotermes indicola (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae)
Source: Environmental Entomology. 47(3): 741-748.
Author(s) Hassan, Babar; Ahmed, Sohail; Kirker, Grant; Mankowski, Mark E, E. .; Misbah-ul-Haq, Muhammad
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Assessment of fastener corrosion and salt damage in the bilge of the Eureka
Source: Research Note FPL-RN-0356. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 1-9.
Author(s) Zelinka, Samuel L.; Kirker, Grant T.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Durability of mass timber structures: a review of the biological risks
Source: Wood and Fiber Science. 50: 110-127.
Author(s) Wang, J.Y. ; Stirling, R. ; Morris, Paul I; Taylor, A. ; Lloyed, J. ; Kirker, G. ; Lebow, S. ; Mankowski, M.E.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of Teak, Tectona grandis Linn, heartwood extractives against Heterotermes indicola (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)
Source: Proceedings, IRG annual meeting. The International Research Group on Wood Protection. 1-16.
Author(s) Hassan, Babar ; Ahmed, Sohail ; Mankowski, Mark , E. .; Kirker, Grant ; Ibach, Rebecca ; Misbah ul Haq, Muhammad
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of White Mulberry (Morus alba) Heartwood Extract Against Reticulitermes flavipes (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae)
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology. 111(3): 1337-1345.
Author(s) Hassan, B ; Mankowski, M , E. .; Kirker, G ; Clausen, C ; Ahmed, S.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fungal–copper interactions in wood examined with large field of view synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy
Source: Wood Material Science & Engineering. 16(5): 1-11.
Author(s) Zelinka, Samuel L.; Jakes, Joseph E.; Tang, Juliet ; Ohno, Katie , M.; Bishell, Amy ; Finney, Lydia ; Maxey, Evan R.; Vogt, Stefan ; Kirker, Grant T.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Hexadecyl ammonium chloride amylose inclusion complex to emulsify cedarwood oil and treat wood against termites and wood-decay fungi
Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 129: 95-101.
Author(s) Eller, F.J.; Hay, W.T.; Kirker, G.T.; Mankowski, M.E., E. .; Sellling, G.W.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Northeastern United States species treated with copper-based preservatives: Durability in mississippi stake tests
Source: Maderas: Ciencia y tecnología. 20(3): 359-368.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan T.; Arango, Rachel A.; Lebow, Patricia K.; Kirker, Grant T.; Mankowski, Mark E., E. .; Halverson, Steven A.
Year: 2018   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2017
 
Title: Amplicon-Based Sequencing of Soil Fungi from Wood Preservative Test Sites
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Bishell, Amy B.; Jusino, Michelle A.; Palmer, Jonathan M.; Hickey, William J.; Lindner, Daniel L.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Amplicon-based sequencing of soil fungi from wood preservative test sites
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology. 8: 1-16
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Bishell, Amy B.; Jusino, Michelle A.; Palmer, Jonathan M.; Hickey, William J.; Lindner, Daniel L.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: AWPA biodeterioration hazard map revisited
Source: In: McCowan, C.; Gothard, T.; Staula, B., eds. Proceedings, One hundred thirteenth annual meeting of the American wood protection association. Birmingham, AL: American Wood Protection Association: 90-99.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Bishell, Amy B.; Hickey, William J.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of performance criteria for evaluating stake test data
Source: In: McCown, C.; Gothard, T.; Staula, B., eds. Proceedings, One hundred thirteenth annual meeting of the American wood protection association. Birmingham, AL: American Wood Protection Association: 246-256.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan T.; Lebow, Patricia K.; Kirker, Grant T.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of performance of wood extractives as preservatives in field tests against termites and decay in the USA and Pakistan
Source: In: Proceedings, one hundred thirteenth annual meeting of the American wood protection association. Las Vegas, NV: April 9-11. 9 p.
Author(s) Hassan, Babar; Ahmed, Sohail; Mankowski, Mark, E. .; Kirker, Grant
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of heartwood extractives on symbiotic protozoan communities and mortality in two termite species
Source: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 123: 27-36.
Author(s) Hassan, Babar; Mankowski, Mark E., E. .; Kirker, Grant; Ahmed, Sohail
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Long term durability of solid heartwood stakes treated with ACA or CCA
Source: In: Proceedings, one hundred thirteenth annual meeting of the American wood protection association. Las Vegas, NV: April 9-11. 13 p.
Author(s) Mankowski, Mark E., E. .; Lebow, Stan; Kirker, Grant; Gjovik, Lee
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Modulus of elasticity loss as a rapid indicator of rot-fungal attack on untreated and preservative-treated wood in laboratory tests
Source: BioResources 12(1):1850-1860
Author(s) Ma, Xingxia; Kirker, Grant T.; Clausen, Carol A.; Jiang, Mingliang; Zhou, Haibin
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Revisiting the role of bacteria in treated wood
Source: fplrip-4723-035-MSU-Kirker-Tang-Lim
Author(s) Tang, Juliet; Stokes, C. Elizabeth; Kirker, Grant
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Synchrotron based x-ray fluorescence microscopy confirms copper in the corrosion products of metals in contact with treated wood
Source: NACE CORROSION Conference & Expo Paper No. 9017. 8 p.
Author(s) Zelinka, Samuel L.; Jakes, Joseph E.; Kirker, Grant T.; Vine, David; Vogt, Stefan
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy enables multiscale spatial visualization of ions involved in fungal lignocellulose deconstruction
Source: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7:1-15.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Zelinka, Samuel; Gleber, Sophie-Charlotte; Vine, David; Finney, Lydia; Chen, Si; Hong, Young Pyo; Uyarte, Omar; Vogt, Stefan; Jellison, Jody; Goodell, Barry; Jakes, Joseph E.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Untreated and copper-treated wood soaked in sodium oxalate: effects of decay by copper-tolerant and copper-sensitive fungi
Source: In: The international research group on wood protection, Section 1, Biology: Paper prepared for the IRG48 Scientific Conference on Wood Protection. Ghent, Belgium: 1-11.
Author(s) Ohno, Katie M.; Kirker, Grant T.; Bishell, Amy B.; Clausen, Carol A.
Year: 2017   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2016
 
Title: Antitermitic Activities of Shisham (Dalbergia Sissoo Roxb.) Heartwood Extractives against two Termite Species
Source: Proceedings IRG Annual Meeting (ISSN 2000-8953), IRG/WP 16-10856, THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH GROUP ON WOOD PROTECTION
Author(s) Hassan, Barbar; Mankowski, Mark ; Kirker, Grant T.; Ahmed, Sohail; ul Haq, Muhammad Misbah
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Avast Ye Salty Dogs: Salt damage in the context of coastal residential construction and historical maritime timbers
Source: 2016 Proceedings of the American Wood Protection Association. American Wood Protection Association: 179-185.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Zelinka, Samuel L.; Passarini, Leandro
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comprehensive overview of FPL field testing conducted in the tropics (1945-2005)
Source: 2016 Proceedings of the American Wood Protection Association. American Wood Protection Association: 210-217.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Lebow, Stan L.; Mankowski, Mark E., E. .
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Corrosion of metals in treated wood examined by synchrotron based xanes and XFM
Source: NACE International, Corrosion 2016 Conference & Expo. paper 7038.
Author(s) Zelinka, Samuel L.; Jakes, Joseph E.; Kirker, Grant T.; Passarini, Leandro; Lai, Barry
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Distribution and oxidation state of copper in the cell walls of treated wood examined by synchrotron based XANES and XFM
Source: Proceedings of CORROSION 2017. American Wood Protection Association: 172-178.
Author(s) Zelinka, Samuel L.; Kirker, Grant T.; Jakes, Joseph E.; Passarini, Leandro; Lai, Barry
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Dual protection of wood surface treated with melamine-modified urea-formaldehyde resin mixed with ammonium polyphosphate against both fire and decay
Source: Forest Products Journal, 66(5/6): 280–283
Author(s) Ma, Xing-xia; Kirker, Grant T.; Jiang, Ming-liang; Wu, Yu-zhang
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of Fungal Competition on Decay Rates in Bicultured Soil Bottle Assays
Source: Holzforschung
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Blodgett, Amy; Lebow, Patricia K.; Clausen, Carol A.
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Evaluating decay resistance of mass timber
Source: fplrip-4723-026-MSU-Kirker-Ohno-Stokes.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Ohno, Katie; Stokes, C. Elizabeth
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fungal decay hazard map
Source: fplrip-4723-022-UW-Kirker-Hickey
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Hickey, W.J.
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: GC-MS Characterizations of Termiticidal Heartwood Extractives from Wood Species Utilized in Pakistan
Source: IRG Annual Meeting (ISSN 2000-8953) IRG/WP 16-10857, THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH GROUP ON WOOD PROTECTION, Section 1 Biology.
Author(s) Mankowski, Mark ; Boyd, Blossie; Hassan, Barbar; Kirker, Grant T.
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Laboratory evaluations of woods from Pakistan and their extractives against Postia placenta and Trametes versicolor
Source: Proceedings IRG Annual Meeting (ISSN 2000-8953), IRG/WP 16-10860 THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH GROUP ON WOOD PROTECTION, Section 1 Biology.
Author(s) Mankowski, Mark ; Hassan, Barbar; Blodgett, Amy; Kirker, Grant T.
Year: 2016   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2015
 
Title: Fifty-Year Durability Evaluation of Posts Treated with Industrial Wood Preservatives
Source: Forest Products Journal
Author(s) Lebow, Stan T.; Lebow, Patricia; Woodward, Bessie; Kirker, Grant T.; Arango, Rachel
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Laboratory Evaluations of Durability of Southern Pine Pressure Treated With Extractives From Durable Wood Species
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Blodgett, Amy; Lebow, Patricia
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2014
 
Title: Chapter 4: Genetic Identification of Fungi Involved in Wood Decay
Source: In: Deterioration and Protection of Sustainable Biomaterials; Schultz, T., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2014; pp. 81-91.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 6: Above Ground Deterioration of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
Source: In Deterioration and Protection of Sustainable Biomaterials; Schultz, T., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2014; pp. 114-129.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant; Winandy, Jerrold
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Microbial Community Analysis of Naturally Durable Wood in an Above Ground Field Test
Source: The International Research Group on Wood Protection, Section 1, Biology, IRG/WP 14-10826; 2014; pp. 2-13.
Author(s) Kirker, G.T.; Diehl, S.V.; Lebow, P.K.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Principal Component Analysis of Microbial Community Data from an Accelerated Decay Cellar Test
Source: In: Proceedings of the American Wood Protection Association, Birmingham, AL. 2014; pp. 144-149.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Lebow, Patricia K.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Rate My Stake: Interpretation of Ordinal Stake Ratings
Source: Proceedings of the One Hundred Eighth Annual Meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, Nashville, TN, April 29-May 2, 2012. Birmingham, AL. 108: 2014; pp 156-164.
Author(s) Lebow, Patricia; Kirker, Grant
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood Protection Research Council: Research Priorities 2013
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-232, 2014; 11 p.
Author(s) Clausen, Carol A; Green III, Frederick; Kirker, Grant T.; Lebow, Stan T.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2013
 
Title: Evaluating Naturally Durable Wood Species for Repair and Rehabilitation of Above-Ground Components of Covered Bridges
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-224, 2013; 43 p.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Clausen, Carol A.; Blodgett, A. B; Lebow, Stan T.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Long-Term Durability of Pressure-Treated Wood in a Severe Test Site
Source: Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, Volume 2, Number 1, 2013; pp. 178–188.
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Woodward, Bessie; Kirker, Grant; Lebow, Patricia
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The role of extractives in naturally durable wood species
Source: Biodeterioration & Biodegradation , 82 (2013) pp. 53-58.
Author(s) Kirker, G.T.; Blodgett, A.B.; Arango, R.A.; Lebow, P.K.; Clausen, C.A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Transferable Durability: Enhancing decay resistance of non-durable species with extractives from durable wood species
Source: In: Proceedings IRG Annual Meeting,The International Research Group on wood Protection, Section 1, Biology; IRG/WP 13-10808; 2013. 12 p.
Author(s) Kirker, G.T.; Blodgett, A.B.; Lebow, S.; Clausen, C.A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2012
 
Title: Above Ground Field Evaluation and GC-MS Analysis of Naturally Durable Wood Species
Source: IRG/WP
Author(s) Kirker, G.T.; Blodgett, A.B.; Lebow, S.T.; Clausen, C.A.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Community analysis of preservative-treated southern pine (Pinus spp.) using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis. Part 1: Fungal field study
Source: Holzforschung, Volume 66, pp. 521–527, 2012.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Prewitt, M. Lynn; Schultz, Tor P.; Dieh, Susan V.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Community analysis of preservative-treated southern pine (Pinus spp.) using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis
Source: Holzforschung, Volume 66, pp. 529–535, 2012.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Prewitt, M. Lynn; Diehl, Walter J.; Diehl, Susan V.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Guide for In-Place Treatment of Covered and Timber Bridges
Source: Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report
Author(s) Lebow, Stan; Kirker, Grant; White, Robert; Amburgey, Terry; Barnes, H. Michael; Sanders, Michael; Morrell, Jeff
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Relationship between wood-inhabiting fungi and Reticulitermes spp
Source: International Biodeterioraton & Biodegradation, Volume 72, 2012; pp. 18-25.
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Wagner, Terence; Diehl, Susan
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2011
 
Title: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of extractives of naturally durable wood
Source: Proceedings, one hundred seventh annual meeting of the American Wood Protection Association ... Fort Lauderdale, Florida, May 15-17, 2011: Volume 107. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Protection Association, c2011: p. 41-44.
Author(s) Kirker, G.T.; Blodgett, A.B.; Lebow, S.T.; Clausen, C.A.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Physical Deterioration of Preservative Treated Poles and Pilings Exposed to Salt Water
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-203, 2011
Author(s) Grant T. Kirker; Jessie Glaeser; Stan T. Lebow; Frederick Green III; Carol A. Clausen
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Salt Damage To Wood, 'Fuzzy Wood' Often Confused with Fungal Decay
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Techlines, 2011
Author(s) Kirker, Grant; Glaeser, Jessie;
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Salt Damage to Wood--"Fuzzy Wood" Often Confused with Fungal Decay
Source: PileDriver
Author(s) Kirker, Grant; Glaeser, Jessie
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2010
 
Title: The Usual Suspects: Fingerprinting Microbial Communities Involved in Decay of Treated Southern Yellow Pine
Source: In: Proceedings of the 106 annual meeting of the American Wood Protection Association, Hyatt Regency Riverfront, Savannah, Georgia May 23-25, 2010, Volume 106, pp. 127-133; 2010
Author(s) Kirker, Grant T.; Diehl, Susan V.; Prewitt, M. Lynn
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
 
Publication Year: 2012
An unidentified waxy substance in honey mesquite cells creates a physical barrier against fungal hyphae. Tom Kuster, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 7
Natural Wood Durability Studied to Estimate Wood's Performance

Naturally occurring chemicals in some wood species make them more durable against deterioration ...

TitleDate Posted
Time in a Bottle:

The simple soil bottle presents an extremely useful tool for predicting performance of preservative treated, modified or naturally durable woods. The methodology was developed in the 1940s exclusively for evaluating wood preservatives against wood decay fungi. It has been adapted over several decade...

06-07-2017

Grant Kirker, FPL Research Forest Products TechnologistDurability Dilemma:

It is truly impossible to divide the wealth and richness of America’s forest resources into two categories, but when evaluated in terms of natural durability, two distinct camps emerge: trees which yield naturally durable wood, and those that don’t. Naturally durable trees tend to produce their ...

06-03-2015

WPRC-cover-artWood Preservatives:

A new report has just been published: Wood Protection Research Council, Research Priorities 2013

09-11-2014

Amy-B--Rachel-A--Bessie-W(1)Looking into the Future of Wood Preservation

Carol Clausen and her group are serious about wood as a sustainable and versatile building material. Here Amy Blodgett, Rachel Arango, and Bessie Woodword check soil block samples in their ongoing research...

07-29-2014