Wood Packaging Supports Healthy Forests and Strong Communities

The National Wooden Pallet and Container Association (NWPCA) has released “Wood Packaging Supports Healthy Forests and Strong Communities,” a video that puts a spotlight on the vital role wood packaging plays in our communities.

Researchers from the Forest Products Laboratory have partnered with the NWPCA for several years, and are currently working with them to develop life cycle assessments for wood pallets.

Wooden pallets used for shipping purposes in the United States (NWPCA 2016).

NWPCA collaborated with leading forest conservation organizations to produce this video. Participating in this project were Tom Martin, President and CEO, The American Forest Foundation; Larry Selzer, President and CEO, The Conservation Fund; Jay Farrell, Executive Director, The National Association of State Foresters; Carlton Owen, President and CEO, U.S. Endowment for Forestry & Communities; and Vicki Christiansen, Interim Chief, U.S. Forest Service.

“We’re proud of the work of our members in supporting the missions of these conservation organizations, providing economic and employment opportunities in rural communities, and improving the health of our nation’s forests,” said Brent McClendon, CAE, National Wooden Pallet and Container Association (NWPCA) President and CEO.

“The wood packaging industry is a critical player in advancing the health of our forests because they use the small diameter wood for making pallets that cannot be used in higher end products,” stated, Carlton Owen, President & CEO, U.S. Endowment for Forestry & Communities. “Without markets for that low value material, we can’t move our forests to a healthier, more resilient condition.”

The 3-minute video is a project of Nature’s Packaging®, a North American initiative to promote the use of wood-based packaging to users seeking sustainable, responsible and economical packaging solutions.

Researchers Honored for Life Cycle Assessment Work

The American Center for Life Cycle Assessment (ACLCA) recently honored extraordinary leaders in life cycle assessment (LCA) at the LCA XVII Awards Dinner in Porthsmouth, New Hampshire. Among the winners was the Federal LCA Commons, of which Forest Products Laboratory researchers Richard Bergman, Hongmei Gu, and Shaobo Liang are a part. Continue reading

Environmental Building Declarations: Analyzing a Structure from Cradle to Grave

(The following is a news item from the Athena Institute)

The Design Building at U.Mass Amherst continues an emerging trend in sustainable building transparency

Design Building on the Amherst campus of the University of Massachusetts. (Credit: Leers Weinzapfel Associates Architects Inc.)

The USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, in cooperation with US WoodWorks, engaged the Athena Institute to prepare an environmental building declaration (EBD) for the Design Building on the Amherst campus of the University of Massachusetts. This is a new four-story 87,573 square-foot home for three departments: Architecture, Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, and Building Construction Technology. The cross-laminated timber building, designed by Leers Weinzapfel Associates Architects with structural design engineer Equilibrium Consulting, was completed in January 2017. Continue reading

Measuring Sustainability: How Do Wood Pallets Stack Up?

There are more than 1.8 billion pallets in service in the United States each day, and ninety-three percent of these pallets are made from wood. That staggering statistic begs the question of just how sustainable wooden pallets really are. Luckily, we know who to ask.

Researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) have set out to investigate the life cycle of wooden pallets in an effort to help manufacturers keep up with the demand for environmentally friendly pallets.

Wooden pallets used for shipping purposes in the United States (NWPCA 2016).

Wooden pallets used for shipping purposes in the United States (NWPCA 2016).

Supervisory Research Forest Products Technologist Rick Bergman said the life-cycle assessment (LCA) study has a number of goals and benefits.

“LCA is a method used to measure the environmental impacts. For example, greenhouse gas emissions that result from the production of a product over its entire life cycle,” Bergman said. “From the extraction of raw materials through production, use, recycling, and ultimately, disposal of the product.”

Researchers are also using the information to help the National Wooden Pallet and Container Association (NWPCA), with whom FPL has a memorandum of understanding, develop future environmental product declarations that will result in more sustainable pallet use, and pinpoint areas of success and improvement within the production market.

Bergman and his team will survey a number of pallet manufacturing facilities to collect the assessment data and plan to present the findings at a future conference on LCA or green building.

To learn more about this project and the life of wooden pallets, read the full Research in Progress report.

Interestingly, this isn’t FPL’s first foray into the world of pallets. Click here for a historical perspective dating back to the 1930’s and a great video showing just how monumentally “pallets move the world.”

Blog post by Francesca Yracheta

Greener Grades: Updating LCA Data for Forest Products

Green building. The term has become synonymous with sustainability, environmental awareness and responsible development—but how do we define what is green and what isn’t? Wood products have received overwhelming positive marks from environmental activists and policy makers, but due to the wide range of options designers have when choosing forest-sourced building materials, the question remains: are there some that are greener than others?


Researchers are conducting life-cycle assessments for wood products used in construction.

It is this question, among others, that researchers at the Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) are determined to help answer. FPL employees with the Coalition for Advanced Wood Structures, in cooperation with the Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials (CORRIM), are conducting life-cycle assessments (LCAs) for wood products used in the construction of buildings throughout North America. These analyses will be instrumental in helping developers make smart choices about using sustainable building materials.

LCA research identifies all of the material and energy inputs (and environmental emission outputs) associated with the production of specific wood products. This information is needed by building designers to gain credit towards environmental certifications such as LEED, the International Green Construction Code, or the National Green Building Standard. Much of the existing life-cycle data for construction wood products was collected more than three years ago, and many of the production processes have been modified.

Researchers hope to provide up-to-date data for all wood construction products produced in the United States and Canada by collecting information with help from wood industry associations, mills, and other secondary sources. By accessing national and international databases, designers will then easily be able to see a product’s LCA results, essentially an environmental report card for a product, informing prospective consumers about the material’s ecological footprint—from the amount of waste generated in its production, to the fresh water and fossil fuel required to bring it to market.

In some cases, the LCA projects data far into the future, and covers the product from the “cradle-to-gate”—from the harvesting of the tree, to the eventual disposal of the wood product long after the building has been demolished. This comprehensive approach provides the most transparency to the consumer as possible.

For more than a decade, FPL and CORRIM have partnered to generate LCAs for lumber, engineered wood beams, wood panels, laminated veneer, glulam beams and other forest products. This project is an example of the continued commitment they share toward ensuring design professionals make informed choices, and that future development around the world is greener than ever before.

For more information, please see this Research in Progress report.