Wood-Based Composite Materials

Composites

Wood-based composite materials come in many shapes, sizes, and formats.

Wood-based composite materials come in many forms, including panel products, glued-laminated timbers, plywood, fiberboard, particleboard, and others.

Chapter 11 of the Wood Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the types, composition, and manufacturing processes for wood-based composite products.

Composite materials, as described here, are any wood material bonded together, usually with adhesives. Wood-based composites are used for many structural and nonstructural applications for both interior and exterior purposes. The basic element for wood-based composites is the wood fiber, with larger particles composed of many fibers.

Chapter 11 is written by FPL research chemical engineer Nicole Stark and colleagues Zhiyong Cai, a supervisory research materials engineer, and the late Charles Carll, formerly a research forest products technologist. It is organized into three sections. The first covers conventional wood-based composite panels, summarizing common materials, adhesives, and additives. The second section covers several types of structural composite lumber, including glued-laminated (glulam) timber, parallel strand lumber, oriented-strand lumber and more. Wood-nonwood composites are discussed in the third section.

Many different composite materials and applications are on display at the fsWoodLab Flickr site.