Caesalpinia spp.

syn. Libidibia spp.

Family: Leguminosae
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Other Common Names: ebano (Mexico), Granadillo (Colombia, Venezuela).


Distribution: Chiefly Venezuela but also found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.


The Tree:  Mature trees are from 50 to 75 ft tail, with a well-formed trunk sometimes 36 in. in diameter, clear of branches for 35 ft.


The Wood:

General Characteristics: Heartwood dark red to chocolate brown or nearly black, usually with  fine pencil-striping of parenchyma; sharply demarcated from the yellowish or pinkish white  sapwood. Luster medium to low; texture medium to coarse; grain straight to very irregular; without distinctive odor or taste.


Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) 1.05; air-dry density 78 pcf.


Mechanical Properties: A heavy strong timber, but no technical data available on mechanical  properties.


Drying and Shrinkage: Requires care in seasoning, slow drying. With adequate precautions,  results are satisfactory. No shrinkage data available. Kiln schedule T3-C2 is suggested for 4/4  stock and T3-C1 for 8/4.


Working Properties: Difficult to work, but finishes smoothly; works very well in turnery.


Durability: Highly resistant to attack by decay fungi.

Preservation: Not treatable.


Uses: Specialty turnery. in countries of origin used for heavy construction work.


Additional Reading:   (56), (78), (80)


56.  Record, S. J., and R. W. Hess.  1949.  Timbers of the new world.  Yale University             Press, New Haven, Conn.

78.  Wood [U.  K.].  1942.  World timbers No.  74, Partridge wood (Caesalpinia             granadillo).  Suppl.  to Wood 7(1).

80.  Wood [U.  K.].  1963.  World timbers No.  39, Maracaibo (Caesalpinia granadillo).              Suppl.  to Wood 28(11).


From: Chudnoff, Martin. 1984. Tropical Timbers of the World. USDA Forest Service. Ag. Handbook No. 607.