USDA Forest Service
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53705-2398
Wood Technical Fact Sheet
Pinus patula (plantation)
Other Common Names: Pino (generally in Latin America), Ocote (Mexico).
Restricted to eastern Mexico from Tamaulipas to Oaxaca; a favored plantation species in Angola, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, and elsewhere in Africa. Planted as well in New Zealand, Australia, India, Brazil, and Argentina.
The Tree: Heights to 115 ft with trunk diameter of 18 to 60 in. are reported. Boles straight and cylindrical.
General Characteristics: Heartwood in plantation-grown material is not easily distinguishable from sapwood; one of the whitest of pines; growth rings distinct; comparatively non-resinous with little odor.
Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) 0.40 to 0.50; air- dry density 30 to 38 pcf.
|Moisture content(%)||Bending strength(Psi)||Modulus of elasticity(1,000 psi)||Maximum crushing strength(Psi)|
Working Properties: Saws easily and dresses with only a slight tearing of grain around knots; does not bore, mortise, or turn smoothly. Takes and holds nails well and makes an excellent glue joint.
Durability: The wood is not resistant to fungus, insect, or termite attack; prone to blue stain.
Preservation: Reported to be easy to treat by open-tank and pressure-vacuum systems.
Uses: Particleboard, excelsior-cement panels, pulp and paper products, food containers, paneling; if juvenile cores are excluded, can be used for light construction, shingles (treated).