USDA Forest Service
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53705-2398
Wood Technology Transfer Fact Sheet
syn. Libidibia spp.
Other Common Names: ebano (Mexico), Granadillo (Colombia, Venezuela).
Distribution: Chiefly Venezuela but also found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
The Tree: Mature trees are from 50 to 75 ft tail, with a well-formed trunk sometimes 36 in. in diameter, clear of branches for 35 ft.
General Characteristics: Heartwood dark red to chocolate brown or nearly black, usually with fine pencil-striping of parenchyma; sharply demarcated from the yellowish or pinkish white sapwood. Luster medium to low; texture medium to coarse; grain straight to very irregular; without distinctive odor or taste.
Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) 1.05; air-dry density 78 pcf.
Mechanical Properties: A heavy strong timber, but no technical data available on mechanical properties.
Drying and Shrinkage: Requires care in seasoning, slow drying. With adequate precautions, results are satisfactory. No shrinkage data available. Kiln schedule T3-C2 is suggested for 4/4 stock and T3-C1 for 8/4.
Working Properties: Difficult to work, but finishes smoothly; works very well in turnery.
Durability: Highly resistant to attack by decay fungi.
Preservation: Not treatable.
Uses: Specialty turnery. in countries of origin used for heavy construction work.
Additional Reading: (56), (78), (80)
56. Record, S. J., and R. W. Hess. 1949. Timbers of the new world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.
78. Wood [U. K.]. 1942. World timbers No. 74, Partridge wood (Caesalpinia granadillo). Suppl. to Wood 7(1).
80. Wood [U. K.]. 1963. World timbers No. 39, Maracaibo (Caesalpinia granadillo). Suppl. to Wood 28(11).
From: Chudnoff, Martin. 1984. Tropical Timbers of the World. USDA Forest Service. Ag. Handbook No. 607.