USDA Forest Service
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53705-2398
Wood Technical Fact Sheet
Other Common Names: Aguabola, Limncillo (Mexico), Ariza, Camaron (Colombia), Cucharo
(Venezuela), Carne d'anta, Apiranga, Chuchasca, Pau de colher (Brazil), Maiten,
Distribution: Well distributed throughout tropical America, occurs scattered in the
coastal forests of the Bahia region of Brazil; also well known in the Patagonian
forests of Rio Negro, Argentina.
Attains a height of 75 to 100 ft with a cylindrical bole 2 to 5 ft in diameter; wit
little taper and without buttresses.
General Characteristics: Heartwood light reddish brown; sapwood whitish. Texture
very fine and uniform; luster low to medium; grain interlocked to irregular; without
distinctive odor or taste.
Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) varying with species
from 0.64 to 0.77; air-dry density 49 to 59 pcf.
Mechanical Properties: (1-in. standard)
Moisture content Bending strength Modulus of elasticity Maximum crushing strength
(%) (Psi) (1,000 psi) (Psi)
12% (24) 18,200 2,410 11,100
Janka side hardness 2,240 lb at 12% moisture content. Forest Products Laboratory toughness 120 in.-lb at 12% moisture content (5/8-in. specimen).
Drying and Shrinkage: Reported to air-dry slowly with a tendency toward severe warping. No data on dry kiln schedules available. Shrinkage from green to ovendry radial 4.6%; tangential 8.9%.
Working Properties: Reported to have satisfactory working qualities, particularly suited for turnery.
Durability: Susceptible to attack by decay fungi.
Preservation: Heartwood is reported to have excellent absorption and penetration of preservatives when treated using either an open-tank or pressure-vacuum system.
Uses: General carpentry and construction, turnery, furniture, and cabinet work.
Additional Reading: (24), (56)