USDA Forest Service
Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53705-2398
Wood Technical Fact Sheet
and H. tiliaceus
Other Common Names: Emajagua excelsa (Puerto Rico), Majagua, Majagua azul (Cuba), Mountain-mahoe (Jamaica).
Distribution: Reported to be native to Cuba and Jamaica but widely planted and naturalized from southern Florida to Mexico, Peru, and Brazil, and throughout the West Indies.
The Tree: Commonly grows to a height of 60 to 70 ft; with trunk diameters of 12 to 18 in., on favorable sites may attain diameters of 36 in. Boles are straight and of fairly good length.
General Characteristics: Heartwood is basically a grayish brown or olive but often richly variegated with shades of purple and metallic blue; distinct from the narrow nearly white sapwood. Texture medium, often variable; grain fairly straight; luster rather dull; no distinctive odor or taste.
Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) 0.62; air-dry density 47 pcf.
Mechanical Properties: No data available.
Drying and Shrinkage: No information available, but being prized as a high-grade furniture wood suggests good seasoning characteristics.
Working Properties: The timber is reported to work easily.
Durability: The heartwood is reported to be highly resistant to attack by decay fungi.
Preservation: No information available.
Uses: Cabinet work, furniture, inlay work, interior trim, building construction, railroad crossties. Bark of young trees is used for cordage.
Additional Reading: (46), (56)