Amoora spp.
Family: Meliaceae


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Other Common Names: Ta-sua (Thailand), Kato, Malatumbaga (Philippines), Bekak (Malaysia), Thitni (Burma), Amoora, Amari (India).


Distribution: India, Burma, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, and Sabah.  Widely distributed but seldom very abundant in the Sub-Himalayan regions.


The Tree: Sometimes reaching a height of 100 ft; with diameters commonly 2 to 3 ft.  Boles straight and cylindrical, up to 50 ft in length.


The Wood:

General Characteristics: Heartwood light to dark red, red brown or walnut brown; sharply defined from the straw to pinkish sapwood.  Grain straight to somewhat interlocked; texture mostly medium to coarse; luster variable; without distinctive odor or taste.


Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) varying with species from 0.44 to 0.76; air-dry density 33 to 58 pcf.


Mechanical Properties: (2-in.  standard)


Moisture content   Bending strength   Modulus of elasticity   Maximum crushing strength

            (%)                  (Psi)                (1,000 psi)                   (Psi)

Green (34)                   NA                  NA                              4,330

12%                             NA                  NA                              7,550


Janka side hardness 755 lb for green material and 895 lb at 12% moisture content. Forest Products Laboratory toughness 230 in.-lb and 190 in.-lb for green and dry material (5/8-in.  specimen).


Drying and Shrinkage: Reported to be easy to air season, even in wide boards.  No data on kiln schedules or shrinkage values available.


Working Properties: Saws and works well with both hand and machine tools; turns easily; takes a smooth finish.


Durability: Generally reported to be moderately durable when exposed to the weather or in ground contact.


Preservation: No information available.


Uses: Furniture and cabinetwork, flooring, construction, joinery, turnery, veneer and plywood.


Additional Reading: (9), (11), (34), (47)


9. Burgess, P. F. 1966.  Timbers of Sabah.  Sabah For.  Rec.  No.  6.

11.  Desch, H. E. 1941-54.  Manual of Malayan timbers.  Malayan Forest Records No. 15. 2 vol.

34.  Lauricio, F. M., and S. B. Bellosillo.  1966.  The mechanical and related properties of Philippine woods. The Lumberman 12(5):66 +A-H.

47.  Pearson, R. S., and H. P. Brown.  1932.  Commercial timbers of India.  Gov.  of India Central Publ.  Br., Calcutta.


From: Chudnoff, Martin. 1984. Tropical Timbers of the World. USDA Forest Service. Ag. Handbook No. 607.