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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

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Craig Clemons
Craig Clemons

Craig M. Clemons

Engineered Composites Science
Unit: FPL-4706
Materials Research Engineer
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI
United States
53726-2398

Phone: 608-231-9396
Email address
Additional research information about this individual can be found at the addtional site(s) below which are being provided by the US Forest Service for reference only



Current Research

Dr. Clemons’ research seeks to overcome technical limitations currently preventing the expanded use polymer composites made with fillers and reinforcements derived from wood or other natural fibers or discover new types of composites made from them. These composites constitute a broad class of materials that range from composites of recycled plastics, wood flour, and various additives to high-performance composites from engineering polymers and nanocellulose, for example.Though some of these composites (e.g., early wood-flour-filled thermosets – “bakelite”) have been around since the early 1900’s, current research usually involves dynamic market segments or rapidly emerging technology areas such as biopolymers or nano-scale fillers and reinforcements that may lead to composites with very different characteristics (e.g., transparency) than those that have been historically produced.Major research objectives include:

  • Understanding and optimizing the influences of constituent materials on the behavior of wood-polymer composites and cellulose nanocomposites
  • Developing and optimizing composite preparation methods
  • Relating microstructure and morphology to composite behavior
  • Using wood-polymer composite technology as a tool to restore damaged ecosystems and promote resource sustainability


Research Interest

  • Cellulose nanocomposites
  • Materials science and processing of composites from wood or other natural fibers and plastics
  • Microstructural influences on composite performance
  • Durability of wood-plastic composites
  • Composites from recycled materials


Research Importance

Expanding the use polymer composites made with fillers and reinforcements derived from wood or other natural fibers have the potential to impact a variety of forest service and societal goals. These composites could offer significant outlets for wood-based materials from manufacturing residues, recovered post-consumer wood-based materials, and other recycled and underutilized forest-based resources in cost effective, durable products, for example. They also offer an opportunity for reducing the non-renewable content of petroleum-based plastics by adding a sustainable reinforcement. Discovering new technologies or applying emerging ones to wood-based composites could create high-performance and high-value composites that could make wood more competitive with other materials, move wood into entirely new markets, or favorably influence the economics of the biorefinery platform, for example.


Education

  • University of Wisconsin, Madison, Ph.D. Materials Science , 2000
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison, M.S. Forestry , 1990
  • University of Wisconsin, Madison, B.S. Chemical Engineering , 1988

Professional Organizations

  • Society of Plastics Engineers, Member

Below are the 84 publications sorted by year. You may re-sort the list by: Title, Date Posted, Category, Publication or Year.

Publication Year: 2015
 
Title: Chapter 15: Characterization and Processing of Nanocellulose Thermosetting Composites
Source: J.K. Pandey et al. (eds.), Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application – Volume C: Polymer Nanocomposites of Cellulose Nanoparticles, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015; pp. 265-295.
Author(s) Sabo, Ronald C.; Elhajjar, Rani F.; Clemons, Craig M.; Pillai, Krishna M.
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of Compounding Approaches for Wood-Derived Cellulose Nanocrystals and Polyamide 6
Source: Comparison of Compounding Approaches for Wood-Derived Cellulose Nanocrystals and Polyamide 6. SPE ANTEC™ Orlando 2015; pp. 430-434.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of Hot-Pressing Temperature on the Subsequent Enzymatic Saccharification and Fermentation Performance of SPORL Pretreated Forest Biomass
Source: Bioenerg Res. Volume 8, 2015; pp. 464-470.
Author(s) Zhang, Jingzhi; Laguna, Andrea; Clemons, Craig; Wolcott, Michael P.; Gleisner, Rolland; Zhu, J.Y.; Zhang, Xu
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2014
 
Title: Method for Integrated Conversion of Lignocellulosic Material to Sugars or Biofuels and Nano-Cellulose
Source: U.S. Patent B2, 8,835,141. Sept. 16, 2014. Int. Classif. C12P 19/14.
Author(s) Zhu, Junyong; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Reinforcing Natural Rubber with Cellulose Nanofibrils Extracted from Bleached Eucalyptus Kraft Pulp
Source: Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Volume 8, 2014; pp. 317-324.
Author(s) Zhang, Chunmei; Zhai, Tianliang; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig; Dan, Yi; Turng, Lih-Sheng
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Short Cellulose Nanofibril/Polyvinyl Alcohol Nanocomposite Fibers
Source: In: ANTEC 2014 The Plastics Conference, April 28-30, 2014, Rio All-Suite Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas, Nevada, SPE ANTEC, 2014; pp. 719-724.
Author(s) Peng, Jun; Clemons, Craig; Sabo, Ronald; Ellingham, Tom; Tung, Lih-Sheng
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Short cellulose nanofribrils as reinforcement in polyvinyl alcohol fiber
Source: Cellulose, Volume 21, 2014; pp. 4287-4298.
Author(s) Peng, Jun; Ellingham, Thomas; Sabo, Ron; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber Composites Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals from Southern Pine
Source: Advances in Polymer Technology, Volume 33, Number S1, 2014; 7 p.
Author(s) Zhang, Chunmei; Dan, Yi; Peng, Jun; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2013
 
Title: Chapter 1.4: Spatially Resolved Characterization of CNC-Polypropylene composite by Confocal Raman Microscopy
Source: In: Production and applications of Cellulose Nanomaterials, Chapter 1.4, TAPPI Press. 2013; pp. 113-114.
Author(s) Agarwal, Umesh; Sabo, Ronald; Reiner, Richard; Clemons, Craig; Rudie, Alan
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 13:Wood/Nonwood Thermoplastic Composites
Source: In: Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites, Second ed., Roger Rowell, Editor, by CRC Books, 2013. pp. 473-508.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Rowell, Roger M.; Plackett, David; Segerholm, B. Kristoffer
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chemically imaging the effects of the addition of nanofibrillated cellulose on the distribution of poly(acrylic acid) in poly(vinyl alcohol)
Source: Polymer, 2013. pp.1-4.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig; Sedlmair, Julia; Illman, Barbara; Ibach, Rebecca; Hirschmugl, Carol
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fabrication and Characterization of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)/Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) filaments
Source: In: Proceedings of the ANTEC 2013 Conference; 2013. 5 p.
Author(s) Peng, Jun; Srithep, Yottha; Sabo, Ronald; Pilla, Srikanth; Peng, Xiang-Fang; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Clemons, Craig
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Melt Compounding of Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-CO-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) / Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nanocomposites: Properties and Solubility of Carbon Dioxide
Source: In: Proceedings of the ANTEC 2013 Conference, April 22-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH 2013; 6 p.
Author(s) Srithep, Yottha; Turn, Lih-Sheng; Ellingham, Thomas; Peng, Jun; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Melt compounding of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)/nanofibrillated cellulose nanocomposites
Source: Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 98, 2013; pp. 1439-1449.
Author(s) Srithep, Yottha; Ellingham, Thomas; Peng, Jun; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Pilla, Srikanth
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2012
 
Title: Effect of Material Parameters on Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Polymers/Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nano Composites
Source: In: Proceedings of the Polymer Processing Society 28th Annual Meeting ~ PPS-28 ~ December 11-15, 2012, Pattaya (Thailand). 5 p.
Author(s) Srithep, Yottha; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Pilla, Srikanth; Peng, Jun
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fuel Pellets from Wheat Straw: The Effect of Lignin Glass Transition and Surface Waxes on Pelletizing Properties
Source: Bioenerg. Res. (2012) 5:450-458.
Author(s) Stelte, Wolfgang; Clemons, Craig; Holm, Jens K.; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Henriksen, Ulrik B.; Sanadi, Anand R.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Improvements in processing characteristics and engineering properties of wood flour-filled high density polyethylene composite sheeting in the presence of hollow glass microspheres
Source: Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting, Volume 28, Number 2, 165-180; 2012
Author(s) Yalcin, Baris; Amos, Steve E; D Souza, Andrew S; Clemons, Craig M; Gunes, I Sedat; Ista, Troy K
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Microcellular poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate)-hyperbranched polymer-nanoclay nanocomposites
Source: POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE, 51. pp. 1815-1826
Author(s) Javadi, Alireza; Srithep, Yottha; Pilla, Srikanth; Clemons, Craig C.; Gong, Shaoqin; Turng, Lih-Sheng
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) reinforced polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) nanocomposites: properties, solubility of carbon dioxide, and foaming
Source: Cellulose 19: 1209-1223; 2012.
Author(s) Srithep, Yottha; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Reinforced Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH): Properties and Solubility of Carbondioxide
Source: 70th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2012, (ANTEC 2012) Orlando, Florida, USA, 2-4 April 2012 Volume 1 of 3; 2012. ISBN: 978-1-62276-083-1
Author(s) Srithep, Yottha; Turng, Lih Sheng; Sabo, Ronald; Clemons, Craig
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Processing of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate)-based bionanocomposite foams using supercritical fluids
Source: Journal of Materials Research, Volume 27, Issue 11, 2012, pp. 1506 1517; 2012.
Author(s) Javadi, Alireza; Srithep, Yottha; Clemons, Craig C.; Turng, L-S.; Gong, Shaoqin.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Spatially Resolved Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystal-Polypropylene Composite by Confocal Raman Microscopy
Source: Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 66, Number 7, 2012
Author(s) Agarwal, Umesh P.; Sabo, Ronald; Reiner, Richard S.; Clemons, Craig M.; Rudie, Alan W.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2011
 
Title: Effects of silane on the properties of wood-plastic composites with polyethylene-polypropylene blends as matrices
Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 119, 1398-1409 (2011)
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Sabo, Ronald C.; Kaland, Michael L.; Hirth, Kolby C.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Pelletizing properties of torrefied spruce
Source: Biomass and Bioenergy, 35 (2011) 4690-4698
Author(s) Stelte, Wolfgang; Clemons, Craig; Holm, Jens K.; Sanadi, Anand R.; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Shang, Lei; Henriksen, Ulrik B.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Processing and characterization of recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) blends with chain extenders, thermoplastic elastomer, and/or poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)
Source: Polymer Engineering and Science - 2011 DOI10.1002/pen, pp. 1024-1032; 2011
Author(s) Srithep,Yottha; Javadi, Alireza; Pilla, Srikanth; Turng, Lih-Sheng; Gong, Shaoqin; Clemons, Craig; Peng, Jun
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Processing behavior, morphology and benefits of using low-density hollow glass microspheres in polymer wood composites
Source: Proceedings of the 11th international conference on wood and biofiber plastic composites & nanotechnology in wood composites symposium, 2011 May 16-17, Madison, WI. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2011: [6] p. [1 flash drive]
Author(s) Amos, Steve E.; D’Souza, Andy; Yalcin, Baris; Ista, Troy K.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The effects of different silane crosslinking approaches on composites of polyethylene blends and wood flour
Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 120, 2292-2303 (2011)
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Sabo, Ronald C.; Hirth, Kolby C.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The Use of Esterified Lignin for Synthesis of Durable Composites
Source: In: Proceedings of the 7th meeting of the NORDIC-BALTIC NETWORK IN WOOD MATERIAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING (WSE) October 27-28, 2011, Oslo, Norway, 2011, pp. 173-178; 2011.
Author(s) Olsson, S.; Ostmark, E.; Ibach, R.E.; Clemons, C.M.; Segerholm, K.B.; Englund, F.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Thermal transitions of the amorphous polymers in wheat straw
Source: Industrial Crops & Products, 34 (2011) 1053-1056. 10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.03.014; 2011
Author(s) Stelte, Wolfgang; Clemons, Craig; Holm, Jens K.; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Henriksen, Ulrik B.; Sanadi, Anand R.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2010
 
Title: Chapter 11 Natural Fibers
Source: In: Functional Fillers for Plastics: Second, updated and enlarged edition. Edited by Marino Xanthos
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 6 Wood Thermoplastic Composites
Source: In: sustainable Development in the Forest Products Industry, Roger M. Rowell :: Fernando Caldeira :: Judith K. Rowell; ISBN 978-989-633-052-8; 2010
Author(s) Caulfield, Daniel F.; Clemons, Craig; Rowell, Roger M.
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Composites from wood and plastics
Source: 2009 Wood and Fiber Product Seminar: VTT and USDA Joint Activity, September 22-23, 2009. Edited by Ali Harlin & Minna Vikman. (VTT Symposium 263) Helsinki, Finland : VTT, c2010. 176, A3 p. ISBN 978-951-38-7589-3.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Elastomer modified polypropylene-polyethylene blends as matrices for wood flour-plastic composites
Source: Composites Part A, 41 (2010) 1559-1569. doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2010.07.002; 2010
Author(s) Clemons, Craig
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Microcellular processing of polylactide-hyperbranched polyester-nanoclay composites
Source: J Mater Sci (2010) 45:2732-2746
Author(s) Pilla, Srikanth; Kramschuster, Adam; Lee, Jungjoo; Clemons, Craig; Gong, Shaoqin; Turng, Lih-Sheng
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Processing and characterization of solid and microcellular PHBV/PBAT blend and its RWF/nanoclay composites
Source: Composites: Part A 41 (2010) 982-990; 2010
Author(s) Javadi, alireza; Srithep, Yottha; Lee, Jungjoo; Pilla, Srikanth; Clemons, Craig; Gong, Shaoquin; Turng, Lih-Sheng
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood Flour
Source: Functional Fillers for Plastics: Secund, updated and enlarged edition. Edited by Marino Xanthos. Copyright 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ISBN: 978-3-527-32361-6; 2010
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2009
 
Title: FEASIBILITY OF USING SALTCEDAR AS A FILLER IN INJECTION-MOLDED POLYETHYLENE COMPOSITES
Source: Wood and Fiber Science, 41(1), 2009, pp. 2 - 12 ; 2009
Author(s) Clemons, Stark
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Phase structure and properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/high-density polyethylene based on recycled materials
Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 113, 1710-1719 (2009)
Author(s) Lei, Yong; Wu, Qinglin; Clemons, Craig M.; Guo, Weihong
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Raman Analysis and Maping of Cellulose nanocrystal Polypropylene Composite
Source: In: Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, Oslo, Norway (June 15-18, 2009). Paper number: P-131_ISWFPC_Nano_composite_mapping. Oslo, Norway : Congress-Conference AS, 2009. 1 flash drive.
Author(s) Agarwal, U.P.; Sabo, R.; Reiner, R.S.; Clemons, C.M.; Rudie, A.W.
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2008
 
Title: Raw Materials For Wood-Polymer Composites
Source: In: Wood-Polymer Composites By K.O. Niska And M. Sain. 2008. Pp.1-22.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig;
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2007
 
Title: Effects of material parameters on the diffusion and sorption properties of wood-flour/polypropylene composites
Source: Journal of applied polymer science. Vol. 103 (2007): pages 752-763.
Author(s) Steckel, Vera; Clemons, Craig Merrill; Thoemen, Heiko
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Influence of nanoclay on properties of HDPE/wood composites
Source: Journal of applied polymer science. Vol. 106 (2007): pages 3958-3966.
Author(s) Lei, Yong; Wu, Qinglin; Clemons, Craig M.; Yao, Fei; Xu, Yanjun
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Instrumented Impact Testing of Kenaf Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: Effects of Temperature and Composition
Source: Journal of REINFORCED PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES, Vol. 26, No. 15/2007 ; pp. 1587-1602; 2007
Author(s) Clemons, Sanadi
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Preparation and properties of recycled HDPE/clay hybrids
Source: Journal of applied polymer science. Vol. 103 (2007): pages 3056-3063.
Author(s) Lei, Yong; Wu, Qinglin; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Use of saltcedar and Utah juniper as fillers in wood-plastic composites
Source: Research Paper FPL-RP-641. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 17 pages
Author(s) Clemons, Craig; Stark, Nicole
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood-plastic composites with reduced moisture : effects of chemical modification on durability in the laboratory and field
Source: Ninth International Conference on Wood & Biofiber Plastic Composites : May 21-23, 2007 ... Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, c2007: ISBN: 1892529505: 9781892529503: Pages 259-266
Author(s) Ibach, Rebecca E.; Clemons, Craig M.; Schumann, Rebecca L.
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2006
 
Title: Effect of acetylated wood flour or coupling agent on moisture, UV, and biological resistance of extruded woodfiber-plastic composites
Source: Wood protection 2006 : March 21-23, 2006 ... New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2006: Pages 139-147
Author(s) Ibach, Rebecca E.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2005
 
Title: Evaluation and process development of salt cedar and juniper biocomposites as tools to utilize exotic and invasive species and restore native ecosystems
Source: 3rd International Workshop on Green Composites, Japanese Society of Material Science, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, March 16-17, 2005. [S.l.] : The Society, 2005. Pages 56-60.
Author(s) Winandy, Jerrold E.; Clemons, Craig M.; Stark, Nicole M.; Muehl, James H.; Williams, R. Sam
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Natural fibers
Source: Functional fillers for plastics. Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2005: pages [195]-206
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Caulfield, Daniel F.
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Use of Exotic-Invasive Species in Wood-Plastic Composite Profiles
Source: FPL RIP-4706-002
Author(s) Nicole Stark; Craig Clemons
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood flour
Source: Functional fillers for plastics. Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2005: pages [249]-270
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Caufield, Daniel F.
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood thermoplastic composites
Source: Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites. Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 2005: pages 365-378.
Author(s) Caulfield, Daniel F.; Clemons, Craig; Jacobson, Rodney E.; Rowell, Roger M.
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2004
 
Title: Considerations in recycling of wood-plastic composites
Source: 5th Global Wood and Natural Fibre Composites Symposium, April 27-28, 2004, in Kassel, Germany: [9] Pages.
Author(s) Winandy, J.E.; Stark, N.M.; Clemons, C.M.
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of processing method on surface and weathering characteristics of wood-flour/HDPE composites
Source: Journal of applied polymer science. Vol. 93 (2004): Pages 1021-1030
Author(s) Stark, Nicole M.; Matuana, Laurent M.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of processing method and moisture history on laboratory fungal resistance of wood-HDPE composites
Source: Forest Prod. J. 54(4):50-57.
Author(s) Clemons, Ibach
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of processing method and moisture history on laboratory fungal resistance of wood-HDPE composites.
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 54, no. 4 (Apr. 2004): Pages 50-57.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Ibach, Rebecca E.
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2003
 
Title: Application of laboratory fungal resistance tests to solid wood and wood-plastic composite
Source: Plastics in building construction. Vol. 27, no. 2 (Feb. 2003): pages 7-14
Author(s) Clemons, Craig Merrill; Ibach, Rebecca E.
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Combined ultraviolet and water exposure as a preconditioning method in laboratory fungal durability testing
Source: Seventh International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites (and other natural fibers), May 19-20, 2003 ... Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2003: Pages 61-67
Author(s) Ibach, Rebecca E.; Clemons, Craig M.; Stark, Nicole M.
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of processing method on accelerated weathering of wood-flour/HDPE composites
Source: Seventh International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites (and other natural fibers), May 19-20, 2003 ... Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2003: Pages 79-87
Author(s) Stark, Nicole M.; Matuana, Laurent M.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Impact toughness of cellulose-fiber reinforced polypropylene : influence of microstructure in laminates and injection molded composites
Source: Seventh International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites (and other natural fibers), May 19-20, 2003 ... Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2003: Pages 119-125
Author(s) Clemons, Craig; Caulfield, Daniel; Giacomin, A. Jeffrey
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2002
 
Title: Biological resistance of polyethylene composites made with chemically modified fiber or flour
Source: Proceedings of the 6th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium & Workshop on the Chemical Modification of Cellulosics, Portland, Oregon, USA, 2002: pages 574-584.
Author(s) Ibach, Rebecca E.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Laboratory tests on fungal resistance of wood filled polyethylene composites
Source: ANTEC 2002 Annual Tecnical Conference : May 5-9, 2002, San Francisco, CA. : conference proceedings. Volume II, Materials. S.l. : Society of Plastics Engineers, 2002: p. 2219-2222
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Ibach, Rebecca E.
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood-plastic composites in the United States : the interfacing of two industries
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 52, no. 6 (June 2002): Pages 10-18
Author(s) Clemons, Craig
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1999
 
Title: Dynamic fracture toughness of cellulose-fiber-reinforced polypropylene : preliminary investigation of microstructural effects
Source: Journal of elastomers and plastics. Vol. 31 (Oct. 1999).:p. 367-378 : ill.
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Caulfield, Daniel F.; Giacomin, A. Jeffrey.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1998
 
Title: Mechanical Properties and Morphology of Impact Modified Polypropylene- Wood Flour Composites
Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 67, 1503-1513 (1998)
Author(s) Oksman, Kristina; Clemons, Craig
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Microstructure and Dynamic Fracture Toughness of Polypropylene Reinforced with Cellulose Fiber
Source: ANTEC 98, pp. 1432-1436
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Giacomin, A. J.; Caulfield, Daniel F.
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Weight Reduction: Wood versus Mineral Fillers in Polypropylene
Source: The Fourth International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites. 1998, pp. 237-244
Author(s) English, Brent; Stark, Nicole; Clemons, Craig
Year: 1998   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1997
 
Title: Effects of Elastomers and Coupling Agent on Impact Performance of Wood Flour-Filled Polypropylene
Source: The Fourth International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites, May 12-14, 1997, The Madison Concourse Hotel, Madison, Wisconsin pp. 280-285; 1997
Author(s) Oksman, Kristiina; Clemons, Craig
Year: 1997   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Heat release rate of wood-plastic composites
Source: SAMPE journal. Vol. 33, no. 5 (Sept./Oct. 1997).:p. [26]-[31].
Author(s) Stark, N. M.; White, R. H.; Clemons, C. M.
Year: 1997   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Microstructure and Dynamic Fracture Toughness of Polypropylene Reinforced with Cellulose Fiber
Source: Fourth International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites. 1997
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Giacomin, Jeffrey A.; Caulfield, Daniel F.
Year: 1997   view abstract, download publication »
Title: USDA Forest Products Laboratory Performance-Designed Composites
Source: Fourth International Conference on Woodfiber-Plastic Composites.
Author(s) Stark, Nicole M.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 1997   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1996
 
Title: Dynamic Fracture Toughness of Polypropylene Reinforced with Cellulose Fiber
Source: Society of Plastics Engineers, 1996. pp. 3307-3310
Author(s) Clemons, Craig M.; Garcomin, A. Jeffrey
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Waste-wood-derived fillers for plastics
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-91. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 15 p.
Author(s) English, Brent; Clemons, Craig M.; Stark, Nicole; Schneider, James P.
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood and Mineral Fillers for Injection Molding Grade Polypropylene
Source: pp. 1-10
Author(s) English, Brent; Stark, Nicole; Clemons, Craig
Year: 1996   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1995
 
Title: Exploratory Microscopic Investigation of Impacted Paper Fiber-Reinforced Polypropylene Composites
Source: Wood-Plastic Composites, Virgin and Recycled wood fiber and polymers for Composites
Author(s) Clemons, Craig
Year: 1995   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1994
 
Title: Composites from recycled wood and plastics
Source: Project Summary; prepared for U.S. Environmental Agency, Cincinnati, OH 45268, September 1994
Author(s) Youngquist, John A.; Myers, George E.; Muehl, James H.; Drzysik, Andrzej M.; Clemons, Craig M.
Year: 1994   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Recycled newspaper fibers as reinforcing fillers in thermoplastics. Part I, Analysis of tensile and impact properties in polypropylene
Source: Journal of reinforced plastics and composites. Vol. 13 (Jan. 1994): pages 54-67.
Author(s) Sanadi, A. R.; Young, R. A.; Clemons, C.; Rowell, R. M.
Year: 1994   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Waste-Newspaper-Polypropylene Thermoplastic Composites: Research- and Plant-Scale Studies of Commercial Feasibility
Source: Wastepaper V; Proceedings, Chicago March 27-30, 1994, pp. 1-20
Author(s) Clemons, C.M.; Myers, G.E.; Saeman, J.F.; Ermer, D.S.
Year: 1994   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1993
 
Title: Chapter 66: Strength properties of composites from biobased and synthetic fibers
Source: In: Cellulosics: Chemical, Biochemical and material aspects. New York: Ellis Horwood. 1993. Chapter 66; 1993; pp. 453-458.
Author(s) Young, R.A.; Rowell, R.M.; Sanadi, A.; Clemons, C.
Year: 1993   view abstract, download publication »
Title: DENSITY RANGE OF COMPRESSION-MOLDED POLYPROPYLENE-WOOD COMPOSITES
Source: Wood and Fiber Science, 25(2), 1993. pp. 163-169
Author(s) Geimer, Robert L.; Clemons, Craig M.; Wood, James E. jr.
Year: 1993   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Properties of Melt-Blended Composites from Post-Consumer Polypropylenes and Wastepapers
Source: C.M. Clemons and G.E. Myers. 1993. Properties of melt-blended composites from post-consumer polypropylenes and wastepapers. p. 3213-3215. In ANTEC 93 Proceedings. May 9-13 1993. New Orleans, LA.
Author(s) Clemons, C. M.; Myers, G. E.
Year: 1993   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Results of chemical modification of lignocellulosic fibers for use in composites
Source: In: Wood-fiber/polymer composites: Proceedings of 1st wood fiber-plastic composite conference; Forest Products Society; 1993: 121-127
Author(s) Rowell, Roger M.; Cleary, Brenda A.; Rowell, Jeffrey S.; Clemons, Craig; Young, Raymond A.
Year: 1993   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1992
 
Title: Effects of several ingredient variables on Mechanical Properties of wood fiber-polyolefin composites blended in a thermokinetic mixer
Source: Proceedings of Materials Research Society symposium
Author(s) Gonzalez, C.; Clemons, C.M.; Myers, G.E.; Harten, T.M.
Year: 1992   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Moisture sorption properties of composite boards from esterified aspen fiber
Source: Wood and fiber science. Vol. 24, no. 3 (July 1992): pages [353]-363.
Author(s) Clemons, C.; Young, R. A.; Rowell, R. M.
Year: 1992   view abstract, download publication »
 
Publication Year: 2014
Nanocellulose (upper left), an engineering plastic (upper right), and compound made from them (center). Test specimens made from the compound (bottom). Craig Clemons, USDA Forest Service
Highlight ID: 580
Enhancing High-Performance Plastics with Nanocellulose

Forest Service scientists are using nanocellulose to improve the performance of engineering plastics. By applying advanced processing methods, the scientists are able to temporarily reduce the melting point of the engineering plastic so that nanocell ...

Short cellulose nanofibrils isolated from wood. DSimaging, LLC
Highlight ID: 587
Short Cellulose Nanofibrils Reinforce Aligned Polyvinyl Alcohol Fibers

Cellulose nanomaterials have recently gained much attention for their potential use for reinforcing polymers and for use in functional materials. Forest Service researchers developed procedures for creating short cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) that are ...

 
Publication Year: 2013
Continuous fiber spun from nanocellulose and other polymers and additives. Craig Clemons, USDA Forest Service
Highlight ID: 443
Nanocellulose Gels Spun Into Continuous Fibers for Use in Advanced Composites

Forest Service scientists worked with the University of Wisconsin to spin nanocellulose gels into continuous fibers so that they can be used more efficiently in advanced composites. The researchers are optimizing the spinning process and investigatin ...

 
Publication Year: 2012
Hollow glass microspheres in wood-plastic composites.  Rebecca Wallace, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 12
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Glass

Adding microsized glass particles to wood-plastic composites creates a less dense but stiffer material for use in a variety of building applications ...

 
Publication Year: 2011
Researchers are investigating the softening behavior of difficult-to-pelletize biomass and its effect on pelletizing. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 288
Softening of Biomass and Its Effect on Fuel Pellet Production

Biomass such as torrefied wood or wheat straw are of increasing interest as fuel but are difficult to pelletize. Researchers are investigating the softening behavior of these materials to improve the pelletization process. ...

 
Publication Year: 2010

Highlight ID: 160
Improved Composites from Wood Flour and Mixed Plastics

In a cooperative project with Louisiana State University, Forest Products Laboratory researchers have used crosslinking technologies, commonly used in the cable coating industry, to optimize the performance of composites of mixed plastics and wood fl ...


Highlight ID: 174
Increasing the Value of Slash by Use in Oriented Strand Board

The project takes a closer look at chunkwood processing first developed in 1977 at the Northern Research Station lab in Houghton, MI. Branches and tree tops as small as 2 inch diameter are cut to 5 inch length, debarked, sliced into veneer chips and ...

TitleDate Posted
nanofibril-17Key Research Publication:

A key FPL publication is Short Cellulose Nanofibrils as Reinforcement in Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber by Ronald Sabo and Craig M. Clemons...

12-08-2014