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Forest Products Laboratory
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI 53726-2398
Phone: (608) 231-9200
Fax: (608) 231-9592
Email

 

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Zhiyong Cai
Zhiyong Cai

Zhiyong Cai

Engineered Composites Science
Unit: FPL-4706
Supervisory Materials Research Engineer
One Gifford Pinchot Drive
Madison, WI
United States
53726-2398

Phone: 608-231-9446
Email address

Current Research

The FPL Engineered Composites Science research work unit is responsible for developing new and improved composites from wood and other non-wood fiber sources using thermoset, thermoplastic, inorganic and other naturally-derived binders. Dr. Cai works on developing new bio-based composites, understanding the manufacturing processes, and improving the performance of wood composites.


Research Interest

  • Bio-based composites
  • Composite warping
  • Engineered composite properties
  • Cellulose nano material and nano composites
  • Wood Structural design and assessment
  • Product standard development


Education

  • Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, Ph.D. Wood Science and Engineering ,
  • Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China, M.S. Wood Science and technology ,
  • East China Normal University, Shanghai, China, B.S. Physics ,

Professional Organizations

  • International Academy Of Wood Science, Fellow (2013 - Current)
  • Society of Wood Science and Technology (SWST), Member (1996 - Current)
  • Forest Products Society (FPS), Member (1993 - Current)

Below are the 95 US Forest Service publications sorted by year. You may re-sort the list by: Title, Date Posted, Category, Publication or Year.

Publication Year: 2015
 
Title: An Evolutionary History of Oriented Strandboard (OSB)
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-236, 2015; 10 p.
Author(s) Zerbe, John I.; Cai, Zhiyong; Harpole, George B.
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Self-assembled optically transparent cellulose nanofibril films: effect of nanofibril morphology and drying procedure
Source: Cellulose, Volume 22, 2015; pp. 1094–1102.
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Wu, Yiqiang; Zhu, J.Y.; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Sustainable Hybrid Organic Aerogels and Methods and Uses Thereof
Source: U.S. Patent
Author(s) Gong, Shaoqin; Javadi, Alireza; Zheng, Qifeng; Cai, Zhiyong; Sabo, Ronald
Year: 2015   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2014
 
Title: Chemical Modification of Kraft Lignin: Effect on Chemical and Thermal Properties
Source: BioResources, Volume 9, Number 3, 2047; pp. 5488-5500.
Author(s) Chen, Yao; Stark, Nicole M.; Cai, Zhiyong; Frihart, Charles R.; Lorenz, Linda F.; Ibach, Rebecca E.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparison of bamboo green, timber and yellow in sulfite, sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide pretreatments for enzymatic saccharification
Source: Bioresource Technology, Volume 151, 2014; pp. 91-99.
Author(s) Li, Zhiqiang; Jiang, Zehui; Fei, Benhua; Cai, Zhiyong; Pan, Xuejun
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Dimensional stability of wood-plastic composites reinforced with potassium methyl siliconate modified fiber and sawdust made from beetle-killed trees
Source: Eur. J. Wood Prod. Volume 72, 2014; pp. 165–176.
Author(s) Piao, Cheng; Cai, Zhiyong; Stark, Nicole M.; Montezun, Charles J.
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Green Synthesis of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-cellulose nanofibril (CNF) hybrid aerogels and their use as superabsorbents
Source: J Mater Chem A, Volume 2, 2014. pp. 3110-3118.
Author(s) Zheng, Qifeng; Cai, Zhiyong; Gong, Shaoqin
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: High Strength Wood-based Sandwich Panels reinforced with fiberglass and foam
Source: BioResources, Volume 9, Number 2, 2014; pp. 1898-1913.
Author(s) Li, Jinghao; Hunt, John F.; Gong, Shaoqin; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Non-Destructive Method of Measuring a Moisture Content Profile Across a Hygroexpansive, Composite Material
Source: U.S. Patent B2, 7,571,061. August 4. Int. Classif. G06F 19/00
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Reinforced hybrid wood-aluminum composites with excellent fire performance
Source: Holzforschung
Author(s) Lu, Keyang; White, Robert H.; Fu, Feng; Hou, Junfeng; Zhang, Yisheng; Gribbins, Neil; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2014   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2013
 
Title: A comparative study of cellulose nanofibrils disintegrated via multiple processing approaches
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 97, 2013; pp. 226-234.
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Zhu, J.Y.; Agarwal, Umesh; Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Yiqiang
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Bending analyses for 3D engineered structural panels made from laminated paper and carbon fabric
Source: Composites: Part B, Volume 53, 2013; pp. 17–24.
Author(s) Li, Jinghao; Hunt, John F.; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhou, Xianyan
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Catalytic conversion wood syngas to synthetic aviation turbine fuels over a multifunctional catalyst
Source: Bioresource Technology, Volume 127, 2013; pp. 281-290.
Author(s) Yan, Qiangu; Yu, Fei; Liu, Jian; Street, Jason; Gao, Jinsen; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhang, Jilei
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 1.1 Drying Cellulose Nanocrystal Suspensions
Source: In: Production and applications of Cellulose Nanomaterials, Chapter 1.1, TAPPI Press 2013; pp. 31-33.
Author(s) Peng, Yucheng; Gardner, Douglas J.; Han, Yousoo; Cai, Zhiyong; Tshabalala, Mandla A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 11: Integrated Technology for Biobased Composites
Source: RSC Green Chemistry No. 18, Integrated Forest Biorefineries, Edited by Lew Christopher. The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013, Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, www.rsc.org; 2013; pp. 276-289.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Rudie, Alan W.; Wegner, Theodore H.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 2.1 Drying Cellulose Nanofibril Suspensions
Source: In: Production and applications of Cellulose Nanomaterials, TAPPI Press, Chapter 2.1, 2013; pp. 215-217.
Author(s) Peng, Yucheng; Gardner, Douglas J.; Han, Yousoo; Cai, Zhiyong; Tshabalala, Mandla A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Chapter 6: New Products and Product Categories in the Global Forest Sector
Source: In Hansen , E.; Panwar , R.; Vlosky, R., Eds. CRC Press: Boca Raton, 2013; pp 129-149.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Rudie, Alan W.; Stark, Nicole M.; Sabo, Ronald C.; Ralph, Sally A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparative Properties of Bamboo and Rice Straw Pellets
Source: BioResources, Volume 8, Number 1, 2013; pp. 638-647.
Author(s) Liu, Xianmiao; Liu, Zhijia; Fei, Benhua; Cai, Zhiyong; Jiang, Zehui; Liu, Xing'e
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Comparative study of cellulose nanofibrils Disintegrated from different Approaches
Source: In Proceedings of Advancements in Fiber-Polymer Composites: Wood Fiber, Natural Fibers, and Nanocellulose, May 6-7, 2013, Milwaukee, WI; 2013; 3 p.
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Zhu, J.Y.; Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Yiqiang
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of carbonization conditions on properties of bamboo pellets
Source: Renewable Energy, Volume 51, 2013; pp. 1-6.
Author(s) Liu, Zhijia; Jiang, Zehui; Cai, Zhiyong; Fei, Benhua; Yu, Yan; Liu, Xing'e
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fe-catalyzed thermal conversion of sodium lignosulfonate to graphene
Source: Materials Letters, 100, 2013; pp. 180-183.
Author(s) Mun, Sung Phil; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhang, Jilei
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Fire performance of fiber board coated with nano kaolin-clay film
Source: BioResources Volume 8, Number 2, 2013; pp. 2583-2593.
Author(s) Liu, Zhijia; Hunt, John F.; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Flexible cellulose nanofibril composite films with reduced hygroscopic capacity
Source: In Proceedings of Advancements in Fiber-Polymer Composites: Wood Fiber, Natural Fibers, and Nanocellulose, May 6-7, 2013, Milwaukee, WI; 2013; 3 p.
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Yiqiang
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Influence of drying method on the material properties of nanocellulose I: thermostability and crystallinity
Source: Cellulose, 2013; 14 p.
Author(s) Peng, Yucheng; Gardner, Douglas J.; Han, Yousoo; Kiziltas, Alper; Cai, Zhiyong; Tshabalala, Mandla A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Influence of drying method on the surface energy of cellulose nanofibrils determined by inverse gas chromatography
Source: Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, Volume 405, 2013; pp. 85-95.
Author(s) Peng, Yucheng; Gardner, Douglas J.; Han, Yousoo; Cai, Zhiyong; Tshabalala, Mandla A.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Lignin-based Phenol-Formaldehyde Resins from Purified CO2 Precipitated Kraft lignin (PCO2KL)
Source: In: International Conference on Wood Adhesives, October 9-11, 2013 Toronto, Ontario Canada from CD ISBN: 978-0-935018-37-0; 2013; pp. 601-610.
Author(s) Chen, Yao; Frihart, Charles R.; Cai, Zhiyong; Lorenz, Linda F.; Stark, Nicole M.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Magnetic separation of carbon-encapsulated Fe nanoparticles from thermally-treated wood char
Source: Materials Letters, 96, 2013; pp. 5-7.
Author(s) Mun, Sung Phil; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhang, Jilei
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Mechanical properties of moso bamboo treated with chemical agents
Source: Wood and Fiber Science, Volume 45, Number 1, 2013, pp. 34-41.
Author(s) Fei, Benhua; Liu, Zhijia; Jiang, Zehui; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Nondestructive Measurement of Dynamic Modulus for Cellulose Nanofibril Films
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-226. pp. 278-286.11
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Ross, Robert J.; Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Yiqiang
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-cellulose nanofibril (CNF)-multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) hybrid organic aerogels with superior mechanical properties
Source: RSC Adv., 2013, Volume 3, 2013; pp. 20816–20823.
Author(s) Zheng, Qifeng; Javadi, Alireza; Sabo, Ronald; Cai, Zhiyong; Gong, Shaoqin
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Polyvinyl Alcohol-Cellulose Nanofibrils-Graphene Oxide Hybrid Organic Aerogels
Source: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2013, Volume 5, pp. 5969-5975.
Author(s) Javadi, Alireza; Zheng, Qifeng; Payen, Francois; Javadi, Abdolreza; Altin, Yasin; Cai, Zhiyong; Sabo, Ronald; Gong, Saoqin
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Potassium methyl siliconate-treated pulp fibers and their effects on wood plastic composites: Water sorption and dimensional stability
Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 129, Number 1, 2013; pp. 193-201.
Author(s) Piao, Cheng; Cai, Zhiyong; Stark, Nicole M.; Monlezun, Charles J.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Primary properties of MDF using thermomechanical pulp made from oxalic acid pretreated rice straw particles
Source: Industrial Crops & Products, Volume 41, 2013; pp. 414-418.
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Wu, Yiqiang; Cai, Zhiyong; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Resin impregnation of cellulose nanofibril films facilitated by water swelling
Source: Cellulose, Volume 20, 2013: pp. 303-313.
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Yiqiang
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Short-time ultrasonication treatment in enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass
Source: Holzforschung, Volume 67, Number 8, 2013; pp. 891–897.
Author(s) Shi, Zengqian; Cai, Zhiyong; Wang, Siqun; Zhong, Qixin; Bozell, Joseph J.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The properties of pellets from mixing bamboo and rice straw
Source: Renewable Energy, Volume 55, 2013; pp. 1-5
Author(s) Liu, Zhijia; Liu, Xing'e; Fei, Benhua; Jiang, Zehui; Cai, Zhiyong; Yu, Yan
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Title: USDA Forest Products Laboratory's Debris Launcher
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Research Note, FPL-RN-0329, 2013: 17 p.
Author(s) Bridwell, James J.; Ross, Robert J.; Cai, Zhiyong; Kretschmann, David E.
Year: 2013   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2012
 
Title: A novel sample preparation method to avoid influence of embedding medium during nano-indentation
Source: Appl Phys A, Published online: 25 August 2012.
Author(s) Meng, Yujie; Wang, Siqun; Cai, Zhiyong; Young, Timothy M.; Du, Guanben; Li, Yanjun
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Catalytic upgrading nitrogen-riched wood syngas to liquid hydrocarbon mixture over Fe-Pd/ZSM-5 catalyst
Source: Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 47, 2012; pp. 469-473.
Author(s) Yan, Qiangu; Yu, Fei; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhang, Jilei
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Cone Calorimeter evaluation of untreated and FRT wood composites for floor applications
Source: Wood and Fire Safety
Author(s) Chen, Z.; White, R. H.; Cai, Z.; Fu, F.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of Moisture Sorption State on Vibrational Properties of Wood
Source: Wood. Forest Prod. J. Volume 62, Number 3. pp. 171–176. 2012.
Author(s) Lu, Jianxiong; Jiang, Jiali; Wu, Yiqiang; Li, Xianjun; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effective of Microwave-KOH Pretreatment on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Bamboo
Source: Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, Volume 2, 2012; pp. 104-107.
Author(s) Li, Zhiqiang; Jiang, Zehui; Yu, Yan; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Ethanosolv Pretreatment of Bamboo with Dilute Acid for Efficient Enzymatic Saccharification
Source: In: Proceedings of the 55th convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology, August 27-31, 2012 Beijing China. 9 p.
Author(s) Li, Zhiqiang; Jiang, Zehui; Fei, Benhua; Cai, Zhiyong; Pan, Xuejun
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: High-Performance Cellulose Nanofibril Composite Films
Source: BioResources Volume 7, number 3, 3064-3075; 2012
Author(s) Qing, Yan; Sabo, Ronald; Wu, Yiqiang; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Miscibility and thermal behavior of poly (ε-caprolactone)/long-chain ester of cellulose blends
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, 88 (2012) 422-427
Author(s) Xu, Yuzhi; Wang, Chunpeng; Stark, Nicole M.; Cai, Zhiyong; Chu, Fuxiang
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Nanocelluloses: Potential Materials for Advanced Forest Products, Proceedings of Nanotechnology in Wood Composites Symposium
Source: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, General Technical Report, FPL-GTR-218, 2012.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Niska, Kristina Oksman.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The Manufacturing Process of Bamboo Pellets
Source: In: Proceedings of the 55th International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology August 27-31, 2012 - Beijing, CHINA; 14 p.
Author(s) Liu, Zhijia; Jiang, Zehui; Cai, Zhiyong; Fei, Benhua; Liu, Xing'e
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The pyrolysis characteristics of moso bamboo
Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 94 (2011) 48-52.
Author(s) Jiang, Zehui; Liu, Zhijia; Fei, Benhua; Cai, Zhiyong; Yu, Yan; Liu, Xing’e.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: The vibrational properties of Chinese fir wood during moisture sorption process
Source: BioResources Volume 7, Number 3, 2012; pp. 3585-3596.
Author(s) Jiang, Jiali; Lu, Jianxiong; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Thermal Conversion of Pine Wood Char to Carbon Nanomaterials in the Presence of Iron Nanoparticles
Source: Forest Prod. J. Volume 62, Number 6, 2012; pp.462–466.
Author(s) Mun, Sung Phil; Cai, Zhiyong; Watanabe, Fumiya; Agarwal, Umesh P.; Zhang, Jilei.
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood Composite Laminates
Source: In: Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites, Second Edition. Edited by Luigi Nicolais and Assunta Borzacchiello. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 8 p.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood-Based Composite Board
Source: In: Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites, Second Edition. Edited by Luigi Nicolais and Assunta Borzacchiello. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2012; 11 p.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2012   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2011
 
Title: Correlating Physical Changes and Enhanced Enzymatic Saccharification of Pine Flour Pretreated by N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide
Source: Biomacromolecules 2011, 12, 2626-2632; 2011
Author(s) Liu, Ye; Zhong, Qixin; Wang, Siquin; Cai, Zhiyiong
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of oxalic acid and steam pretreatment on the primary properties of UF-bonded rice straw particleboards
Source: Industrial Crops and Products Volume 33, issue 3, May (2011) pp. 665-669; 2011
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Cai, Zhiyong; Winandy, Jerry E.; Basta, Altaf H.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effect of oxalic acid pretreatment of wood chips on manufacturing medium-density fiberboard
Source: Holzforschung,Volume65, pp.737-741,2011
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Cai, Zhiyong; Horn, Eric; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of Heat Treatment on Some Physical Properties of Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga Menziesii) Wood
Source: Advanced Materials Research Volumes 197-198, (2011) pp 90-95; 2011
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Cai, Zhiyong; Mou, Quying; Wu, Yiqiang; Liu, Yuan
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of Pyrolysis Conditions on Yield of Bio-Chars from Pine Chips
Source: Forest Prod. J. Volume 61, Number 5. 367-371. 2011
Author(s) Yan, Qiangu; Toghiani, Hossein; Yu, Fei; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhang, Jilei
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Oxalic acid pretreatment of rice straw particles and loblolly pine chips: Release of hemicellulosic carbohydrates
Source: Tappi Journal May 2011 pp. 41-45
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Cai, Zhiyong; Horn, Eric; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2011   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2010
 
Title: .Wood Handbook, Wood as an Engineering Material (All Chapters)
Source: Forest Products Laboratory. Wood handbook - Wood as an engineering material. General Technical Report FPL-GTR-190. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory: 508 p. 2010
Author(s) Bergman, Richard; Cai, Zhiyong; Carll, Charlie G.; Clausen, Carol A.; Dietenberger, Mark A.; Falk, Robert H.; Frihart, Charles R.; Glass, Samuel V.; Hunt, Christopher G.; Ibach, Rebecca E.; Kretschmann, David E.; Rammer, Douglas R.; Ross, Robert J.; Star
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: A single cell model for pretreatment of wood by microwave explosion
Source: Holzforschung, Vol. 64, pp. 633-637, 2010
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Zhou, Yongdong; Yan, Yonglin; Cai, Zhiyong; Feng, Fu
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Development and Application of Wood Adhesives in China
Source: Wood Adhesives 2009 / edited by Charles R. Frihart, Chiristopher G. Hunt, and Robert J. Moon. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, c2010. 1 CD-ROM. ISBN 978-1-892529-57-2. FPS Proceedings no. 7216-09.
Author(s) Gu,Jiyou; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Emerging Applications of Cellulose-based Green Magnetic Nanocomposites
Source: Vacuum Technology & Coating , September 2010
Author(s) Wang, Tao; Cai, Zhiyong; Liu, Lei; Bayer, Ilker S.; Biswas, Abhijit
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Evaluation of elastic modulus and hardness of crop stalks cell walls by nano-indentation
Source: Bioresource Technology 101 (2010) 2867-2871
Author(s) Wu, Yan; Wang, Siqun; Zhou, Dingguo; Xing, Cheng; Zhang, Yang; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: For. Stud. China, 2010, 12(1): 9-13
Source: Fundamental characteristics of microwave explosion pretreatment of wood I. properties of temperature development
Author(s) Li, Xian-jun; Lu, Ke-yang; Lin, Lan-ying; Zhou, Yong-dong; Cai, Zhi-yong, Fu, Feng
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Opportunities of using bio-based materials for value-added composites
Source: 2009 Wood and Fiber Product Seminar: VTT and USDA Joint Activity, September 22-23, 2009. Edited by Ali Harlin & Minna Vikman. (VTT Symposium 263) Helsinki, Finland : VTT, c2010. 176, A3 p. ISBN 978-951-38-7589-3.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Preliminary study on flakeboard panels made from Aspen slash wood
Source: Forest Products Journal, Volume 60, Number 7/8: 605-609; 2010
Author(s) Yu, Yan; Rudie, Alan; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Selected properties of particleboard panels manufactured from rice straws of different geometries
Source: Bioresource Technology 101 (2010) 4662-4666; 2010
Author(s) Li, Xianjun; Cai, Zhiyong; Winandy, Jerrold E.; Basta, Altaf H.
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Synthesis of Carbon-Encapsulated Metal Nanoparticles from Wood Char
Source: Forest Prod. J. Volume 60, Number 6, pp. 527533; 2010
Author(s) Du, Yicheng; Wang, Chuji; Toghiani, Hossein; Cai, Zhiyong; Liu, Xiaojian; Zhang, Jilei; Yan, Qiangu
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood Handbook, Chapter 11: Wood-Based Composite Materials-Panel Products- Glued-Laminated Timber, Structural Composite Lumber, and Wood-Nonwood Composite Materials
Source: General Technical Report FPL-GTR-190. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory: 11-1 - 11-28. Chapter 11.
Author(s) Stark, Nicole M.; Cai, Zhiyong; Carll, Charlie G. ;
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood Handbook, Chapter 12: Mechanical Properties of Wood-Based Composite Materials
Source: General Technical Report FPL-GTR-190. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory: 12-1 - 12-12. Chapter 12.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Ross, Robert J.;
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Wood-Adhesive Bonding Failure: Modeling and Simulation
Source: Wood Adhesives 2009 / edited by Charles R. Frihart, Chiristopher G. Hunt, and Robert J. Moon.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2010   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2009
 
Title: Effect of Moisture Sorption State on Vibrational Properties of Wood
Source: In: Proceedings of the international symposium on nondestructive testing and evaluation of wood. 2009 October 12-14. Beijing, China. Beijing, China: Beijing Forestry University. 177-183; 2009
Author(s) Jiang, Jiali; Cai, Zhiyong; Lu, Jianxiong
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of press sizes on internal steam pressure during particleboard hot-pressing process
Source: Forest Prod. J. 59(4):40-44. April 2009
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Birkeland, Michael; Wescott, James M.; O'Dell, Jane; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Nondestructive Methods for Evaluating Mechanical Properties of Wood Electromagnetic Shielding Composite
Source: In: Proceedings of the 16th international symposium on nondestructive testing qand evaluation of wod. 2009 October 12-14. Beijing, China. Beijing, China: Beijing Forestry University, p. 208-215; 2009
Author(s) Lu, Keyang; Fu, Feng; Cai, Zhiyong; Jin, Liwei
Year: 2009   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2008
 
Title: A new method of determining moisture gradient in wood
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 58, nos. 7/8 (July/Aug. 2008): pages 41-45.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Determining the Moisture Gradient Profile of Wood Using the X-Ray Technique
Source: In: Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Nondestructive Testing of Wood, September 10-12, 2007; Duluth, Minnesota, pp. 207-210; 2008
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Evaluation of Acoustic Tomography for Tree Decay Detection
Source: In: Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Nondestructive Testing of Wood, September 10-12, 2007; Duluth, Minnesota, pp. 49-54; 2008
Author(s) Liang, Shanqing; Wang, Xiping; Wiedenbeck, Janice; Cai, Zhiyong; Fu, Feng
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Potential of using Anaerobically Digested Bovine Biofiber as a Fiber Source for Wood Composites
Source: BioResources 3(4), 1244-1255; 2008
Author(s) Winandy, Cai
Year: 2008   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2007
 
Title: Assessment of in-place wood floor systems
Source: Journal of architectural engineering. Vol. 13, no. 1 (Mar. 2007): Pages 30-35.
Author(s) Hunt, Michael O.; Ross, Robert J.; Wang, Xiping; Soltis, Lawrence Andrew; Leavitt, R. R.; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Determining moisture gradient profile using X-Ray technique
Source: Proceedings of 15th International Symposium on Nondestructive Testing of Wood, Sept. 10-13, 2007, Duluth, MN. [S.l. : s.n.], 2007.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Tensile and thickness swelling properties of strands from Southern hardwoods and Southern pine : effect of hot-pressing and resin application
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 57, no. 5 (May 2007): Pages 36-40
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Qinglin; Han, Guangping; Lee, Jong N.
Year: 2007   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2006
 
Title: Effects of panel density and mat moisture content on processing medium density fiberboard
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 56, no. 10 (Oct. 2006): pages 20-25.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Muehl, James H.; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Effects of pressing schedule on formation of vertical density profile for MDF panels
Source: 40th International Wood Composites Symposium proceedings : April 11-12, 2006, Seattle, Washington. Pullman, Wash : Washington State University, 2006: 11 pages.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Muehl, James H.; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Opportunities for using bio-based fibers for value-added composites
Source: Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium, Advances and Challenges in Biocomposites : 20-23 November, 2006, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Kepong, Malaysia : Forest Research Institute Malaysia, c2006: ISBN: 9832181879: 9789832181873: Pag
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Selected properties of MDF and flakeboard overlaid with fiberglass mats
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 56, nos. 11/12 (Nov./Dec. 2006): pages 142-146.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2006   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2005
 
Title: Microwave drying of wood strands
Source: Drying technology. Vol. 23 (2005): pages 1-16.
Author(s) Du, Guanben; Wang, Siqun; Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Opportunity and development of bio-based composites
Source: Proceedings of International Workshop on Prefabricated Bamboo Panel Module Housing, Nov. 24-25, 2005, Beijing, China. [S.l. : s.n.], 2005: 11 pages.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Strandboard made from soy-based adhesive with high soy content
Source: Wood adhesives 2005 : November 2-4, 2005 ... San Diego, California, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2005: pages 531-537.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Wescott, James M.; Winandy, Jerrold E.
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Tensile and dimensional properties of wood strands made from plantation southern pine lumber
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 55, no. 2 (2005): p. 87-92.
Author(s) Wu, Qinglin; Cai, Zhiyong; Lee, Jong N.
Year: 2005   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2004
 
Title: Evaluating the warping of laminated particleboard panels
Source: 7th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium : proceedings, volume II, Nanjing, China, October 31-November 2, 2004. [S.l. : s.n.], 2004: Pages 69-79.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Title: Influence of board density, mat construction, and chip type on performance of particleboard made from eastern redcedar
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 54, no. 12 (Dec. 2004): pages 226-232.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Wu, Qinglin; Lee, Jong N.; Hiziroglu, Salim
Year: 2004   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2003
 
Title: Screw withdrawal : a means to evaluate densities of in-situ wood members
Source: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Nondestructive Testing of Wood : August 19-21, 2002, University of California, Berkeley Campus California, USA. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 2003: Pages 277-281
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Hunt, Michael O.; Ross, Robert J.; Soltis, Lawrence A.
Year: 2003   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2002
 
Title: Pilot study to examine use of transverse vibration nondestructive evaluation for assessing floor systems
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 52, no. 1 (Jan. 2002).:p. 89-93.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong. ; Ross, Robert J.; Hunt, Michael O.; Soltis, Lawrence A.
Year: 2002   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 2000
 
Title: Static and vibration moduli of elasticity of salvaged and new joists
Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 50, no. 2 (Feb. 2000).:p. 35-40 : ill.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Hunt, Michael O.; Ross, Robert J.; Soltis, Lawrence A.
Year: 2000   view abstract, download publication »
Publication Year: 1999
 
Title: Nondestructive methods for the structural evaluation of wood floor systems in historic buildings : preliminary results : [abstract]
Source: Eleventh International Symposium on Nondestructive Testing of Wood : [Sept. 9-11, 1998, Madison, WI. Madison, WI : Forest Products Society, 1999]: page 203.
Author(s) Cai, Zhiyong; Hunt, Michael O.; Ross, Robert J.; Soltis, Lawrence A.
Year: 1999   view abstract, download publication »
 
Publication Year: 2014
Cellulose nanofibril smart sponge absorbs oil which is floating on the top of water. Bryce Richter, University of Wisconsin
Highlight ID: 579
A "Smart Sponge" Soaks Up Pollutants

This "smart sponge" is one of a number of applications under development for the tiny wood fibers known as cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). The fibers possess a number of unique properties including renewability, high surface areas, high aspect ratios, a ...

 
Publication Year: 2013
Graphene produced from lignin, a complex polymer commonly derived from wood. Zhiyong Cai, USDA Forest Service
Highlight ID: 442
Creating Advanced Graphene Material from Lignin

Graphene materials are produced from carbon containing compounds by physical, thermal, or chemical process in either the gas, liquid, or solid phase. Forest Service scientists and their partners at Mississippi State University are working together to ...

Beetle-killed lodgepole pine fiber treated with potassium methyl siliconate. Cheng Piao, Louisiana State University
Highlight ID: 453
Wood-Plastic Composites Improved with Fiber Pre-Treatment

Scientists determine the dimensional stability of wood-plastic composites can be improved by treating wood sawdust and particles derived from beetle-killed trees with potassium methyl siliconate before incorporating the wood into high-density polyeth ...

 
Publication Year: 2012
Wood char particles and carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles. Forest Service
Highlight ID: 4
Metal Core Nanoparticles Created From Wood Char, a Bioenergy Byproduct

Shell-encapsulated metal core carbon nanoparticles have potential applications in magnetic data storage, xerography, drug delivery, and as a catalyst in other chemical reactions ...

 
Publication Year: 2011
Aqueous extract solutions under different pretreatments. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 306
Pretreating Wood Chips for Manufacturing Medium Density Fiberboard

FPL researchers studied how pretreating wood chips before manufacturing medium density fiberboard affected both the end product and the amount of carbohydrates extracted as a potential resource for biofuels or bio-based chemical production. ...

Typical aspen slash wood (left) and flakes (right) sliced from the slash wood. Steve Schmieding, Forest Service
Highlight ID: 307
Producing Value-Added Composite Panels from Aspen Slash Wood

The disposal of forest thinning residue is a concern when looking at sustainable forest management. Researchers found this material could be a valuable resource for commercially available structural panel products. ...

Rice straw appears to be a promising agricultural residue for manufacturing composite panels. William M. Brown Jr., Bugwood.org
Highlight ID: 308
Rice Straw Particleboard

There has recently been a revival of interest in using agriculture residues to produce particleboards and other composite panels due to competition for wood raw materials and for economical and environmental considerations. This study looks at the ef ...

 
Publication Year: 2010
X-ray radiation method to determine moisture gradient in wood. Forest Service
Highlight ID: 162
An Innovative Method for Determining Moisture Gradient of Wood Products

Changes in moisture content of wood-based composite materials can lead to linear expansion and, more specifically, hygroexpansion. This can cause severe internal stresses resulting in deformities and defects such as warping, surface checks, and honey ...


Highlight ID: 170
Centennial Edition, Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material

The Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material serves as a primary reference document for a wide variety of users-from the general public through architects and design engineers who use wood in highly engineered structures. ...

Effects of Press Sizes on Internal Steam Pressure during Particleboard Hot-Pressing Process. Forest Service
Highlight ID: 163
Effects of Press Sizes on Internal Steam Pressure during Particleboard Hot-Pressing Process

Internal steam pressure produced during the hot-pressing cycle in particleboard production is critical to the newly developed bond strength that will determine the overall performance of particleboard. The difference between the accumulation of inter ...

Fabrication of recycled fiber. Forest Service
Highlight ID: 165
Fabrication Utilization of Recycled Fiber/Agricultural Fiber Panels and Exhibit

The Forest Products Laboratory's research using anaerobically digested agricultural waste fibers combined with recycled paper fibers to make structural panels was selected by a prominent design firm for use as the main fabrication material for the Su ...


Highlight ID: 164
Particleboard Panels Manufactured from Rice Straws of Different Geometries

Faced with worldwide shortages of forest resources, environmental pollution and waste of biological resources resulting from field burning of rice straw and other agriculture residues, there has been a revival of interest in using rice straw and othe ...

Research Projects serving in the role of Principal Investigator
 
Project NameStart DateEnd Date
 
Develop tools to address resource sustainability, enhance recyclability and minimize the envrionmental impacts of composite processing

Total affiliated publications: 12
08-24-200708-23-2012

Fundamental relationships of composites

Total affiliated publications: 34
08-24-200708-23-2012

Improve forest management, increasing resource sustainability, increasing recycling, exploring new applications & transferring technologies.

Total affiliated publications: 2
10-01-201209-30-2017

Improve performance durability and value of composites

Total affiliated publications: 53
08-24-200708-23-2012

Improve performance, durability & value of existing composites; develop next generation wood or wood-derived composites.

Total affiliated publications: 38
10-01-201209-30-2017

Understand the characteristics and interactions of raw materials and use this knowledge to optimize composite process and performance

Total affiliated publications: 18
10-01-201209-30-2017

TitleDate Posted
A cellulose nanofibril computer chip rests on a leaf. Photo: Yei Hwan Jung, Wisconsin Nano Engineering Device LaboratoryWood Chips 2.0:

If a centuries-old material can undergo an extreme makeover, this is it: wood, a staple in keeping humans warm and sheltered for ages, could soon be found in your smartphone...

05-29-2015

House2An Evolutionary History of Oriented Strandboard

A new FPL report, by retired Wood Technologist John I. Zerbe, Supervisory Research Materials Engineer Zhiyong Cai, and retired Economist George B. Harpole gives us the story behind a product that we all use and take for granted every day...

03-19-2015

PatentsPatents?

You may be surprised at how many technologies from FPL research get patented. What is the value of that? Patents are an effective mode of technology transfer, as they make technologies more appealing to the marketplace due to the exclusivity they offer. Technology transfer leads to increased product...

08-25-2014

CompositesWood-Based Composite Materials

Wood-based composite materials come in many forms, including panel products, glued-laminated timbers, plywood, fiberboard, particleboard, and others...

06-18-2014

"Smart Sponge" Soaks Up Pollutants:

Pollutants beware! Nanotechnology researchers have developed a cellulose-based aerogel that's thirsty for oil and chemicals while turning its nose up at water. Recent collaborative work between Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) and University of Wisconsin (UW) researchers offers the potential for a '...

02-24-2014

fin_fig_01Shelter from the Storm?

Throughout the United States, hundreds of tornadoes and several hurricanes affect people’s livelihoods each year. Nearly every state east of the Rocky Mountains faces the possibility of devastating tornadoes, with the Midwest being particularly at risk. Living along the gulf and east coasts offers...

12-23-2013

How It's Made:

Cellulose nanofibrils are considered a promising renewable alternative to existing materials in many fields. Made from natural resources such as wood and non-wood plants, this material has great potential given the availability of the resource, the viability of processing it, and its performance...

07-26-2013

VilsackFPLleadersUSDA Secretary Tom Vilsack tours the FPL

Led by Acting Director Michael Rains, the Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) recently welcomed USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack for a tour through its unique and growing set of research facilities. Basic and applied research at FPL supports a number of USDA and Forest Service objectives, including forest ma...

08-21-2012

UMaine and FPL Collaborate to Produce Novel Nanomaterials

The University of Maine’s Forest Bioproducts Research Institute recently announced that it is building a pilot-scale plant to manufacture cellulose nanofibrils, a wood-based material of interest for its reinforcing properties and potential use in replicating synthetic plastics. This innovative pro...

02-12-2012